Indirect characterisation is a technique for exposing a character's personality through descriptions of their actions, words, looks, and relationships with other characters. It can be used to explain why a person does something, such as when a parent disciplines their child or when a partner or spouse argues with their mate. An author may also use this method to describe things about which the character has no opinion, such as objects they purchase or sites they visit.
The character's actions can also reveal their personality. For example, if a character is seen laughing, we can assume that they find something funny. If they are seen crying, we can assume that they are sad. If they are seen arguing with another person, we can assume that they feel strongly about something. Authors use descriptions like these all the time in order to give readers a better understanding of who is speaking and how they feel about certain topics.
In addition to describing actions, characters' words can reveal their personalities as well.
Actions and behavior, reactions from other characters, speech and dialogue, family history, and moral beliefs are all examples of indirect characterisation. All of them provide the reader hints to assist them discern the character's personality.
As readers we make assumptions about what someone does or says based on their role in the story. For example, if a character is supposed to be funny but isn't, then we can assume that they're not very humorous. If another character laughs at something they shouldn't, then we can assume they have a dark side that comes out sometimes. In general, we can infer much about a person by observing how they act around others.
Indirect characterisation is important for understanding people who don't speak openly about themselves. We need to know what kind of person each character is in order to understand why they do or say anything. Without this knowledge, it's difficult to follow the story properly.
In novels written before modern psychology became popular, authors had to rely on common sense and experience to describe their characters' personalities. This meant that most characters were given some sort of label that explained their actions. Some labels were obvious (such as "good" or "bad") while others weren't (such as "stubborn" or "loyal").
Indirect characterisation necessitates the reader drawing conclusions about a character's characteristics. What exactly does the character say? It might be the character's accent (how their voice sounds) and word choice. Furthermore, the manner in which it is said, such as the character's tone of voice, can also give clues about their personality.
In order for an audience to make assumptions about a character, they need to know something about them. This could be done through exposition or background information presented in chapter one. For example, if I were writing about a crime lord, I would want to explain that he is a ruthless man who doesn't care who gets hurt as long as he makes his money. By explaining this away in chapter one, the reader will understand why my protagonist, Charlie, works for him.
Without knowing anything about a character, it is impossible to judge what kind of person they are. This is why indirect characterisation is useful; it allows us to see characters for who they really are instead of who we think they are.
Characterization in detail This is when an author unveils a character in a novel by providing particular details. Characterization by inference This is when an author exposes a character in a novel by his or her words, ideas, looks, actions, or what others think or say about him or her. Character analysis In fiction, characterization is the art of creating three-dimensional characters who are real to readers. The classic definition of characterization is "the presentation of traits in narrative form."
There are two ways to characterize a person: explicitly and implicitly. Authors may choose to reveal information about characters through explicit description, such as writing that details the appearance of a character's face or body. They may also reveal this type of information through implied description, which includes statements made by other characters, facts learned through narration, and assumptions made by the reader. Implicit characterization involves only those elements necessary for the reader to understand who is speaking and what they are saying. For example, if we were to read a passage from Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol where Ebenezer Scrooge is described as having a "cold heart" or "stony eyes", we would know that this is Mr. Scrooge without needing any further information revealed later in the story.
Authors often use descriptions and anecdotes to reveal information about characters. For example, in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, we learn about the families of both Romeo and Juliet through descriptions given by characters within the play.