She published a monograph, Philippine Proverb Lore, in the UP Social Sciences and Humanities Review in 1966. The Philippine Folklore Society released this work as a book a decade later. Damiana's research focused on Filipino proverbs and their origins. She concluded that most Filipinos have inherited their wit from the English.
Filipino proverbs are widely shared phrases that offer insight into life. They provide guidance by expressing simple yet effective truths. For example, "Ang ulo ng babaeng matigas ay kumakain" (The mother of an exhausted woman eats.) is a proverb that tells women not to overwork themselves. It implies that if you eat well when you're tired, you'll be able to keep up with your workload.
Proverbs originated in ancient Greece and were later adopted by other cultures including India. In the 17th century, they arrived in the Philippines when Spanish settlers brought their books of proverbs. Today, Filipinos share these phrases with other language speakers around the world through the Internet and social media. There are website pages, Facebook groups, and Twitter accounts dedicated to spreading knowledge of good advice.
In the 1960s, few scholars paid attention to Filipino proverbs. However, today they're becoming more popular due to the growing number of people who have heard them before.
Eugenio, a University of the Philippines professor and the author of Philippine Proverb Lore (1975), widely known as the "Mother of Philippine Folklore," classified Filipino proverbs into six groups based on the theme stated, namely: These are ethical proverbs those that represent a basic outlook on...
About the author: Eugenio Virata was a Filipino academic who taught in the University of the Philippines from 1927 to 1964. He is best known for his book Philippine Proverb Lore which was published in 1975.
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Volume III of the author's eight-volume Philippine Folk Literature Series is Philippine Folk Literature: The Legends. The current book concentrates on legends, which are basically accounts of unusual events that are believed to have occurred. They often include tales of magic and wonder, but some legends also deal with more down-to-earth topics such as history or politics.
Legends were originally meant for entertainment purposes only, but now many scholars believe they played an important role in the development of our culture. For example, some historians believe the presence of certain legends helped shape current political systems by giving people ideas about how they should be governed. Others claim they served to encourage social cohesion by reminding everyone of their common origin.
The Legends of the Philippines was first published in 1919. It was written by American literary scholar George E. Bayona and consists of 8 volumes. The first three volumes are devoted to stories from the oral tradition while the last five cover those from the written word.
In volume III, Bayona focuses primarily on legends related to the early Spanish colonizers and includes stories about St. Thomas More, Diego de San Jose, and Miguel de Cervantes. He also writes about more recent heroes such as Manuel L. Quezon, Emilio Aguinaldo, and even himself.