In the 1880s, government pressure resulted in the slow weeding out of the Oshinbun, and the koshinbun began to resemble contemporary, "impartial" newspapers. Japanese newspapers have played an important role in problems of free speech and press freedom throughout their history.
Japanese newspapers were first established around 1690 by Korean immigrants who came to Japan to trade. They brought with them their own culture and journalism, which became a major influence on the development of Japanese media.
Until the middle of the 19th century, most publications in Japan were religious or political. The appearance of new papers led to conflict between writers who had been published before they started up again after a hiatus, which is when defamation laws were introduced. This early struggle for position is said to have helped develop the independence of journalists today.
As Japanese newspapers developed their own style, they also began to criticize the government and imperial family openly. This made them dangerous to the status quo and in 1879, two newspapers were burned at the stake for treason against the emperor. But these events only served to strengthen the papers' resolve not to be silenced again.
In 1889, the year after these newspapers were burned, another newspaper was launched that would become one of the most influential in modern Japan. It was called the Asahi Shimbun and it has been reporting news in Osaka ever since.
We discovered that a large proportion of Japanese people read newspapers on a regular basis, and that they are quite devoted to newspapers. On the other hand, younger people read and are devoted to newspapers at a far lower rate than the elderly, which will be a major concern for Japanese media. Indeed, according to a study by the Japan Newspaper Publishers' Association, the total number of readers aged 15 years or older fell from 95.4 million in 2001 to 93.4 million in 2011. The number of female readers fell more sharply than that of male readers.
There are several reasons why Japanese people are less likely to read newspapers than their counterparts in other countries. First, because there are only six daily newspapers published in Japan, many people can't afford to buy a weekly newspaper. Second, since most Japanese people get most of their news from television, they don't need to read newspapers.
However, even among those who can afford to buy a weekly newspaper, few do so. According to the same study, the total amount spent on newspapers in 2011 was just under 100 billion yen (about $1 billion), with men spending more than women. In fact, the number of female readers is so low that it's possible that some companies may have used this fact when marketing their products to women!
Even among those who do read newspapers, many only do so occasionally.
Local journalists were the first to arrive at the catastrophe site and the last to go as reporters from all over the world descended on Japan. The LDP and industry have been eroding Japan's lifelong employment system in order to make it simpler for businesses to recruit and dismiss employees and set pay to their liking. With few protections for workers, there is a growing labor force of part-time and temporary staff who cannot afford to take time off.
The Japan Times has a team of around 20 reporters based in Tokyo, with others covering events across the country. Its writers come from many countries including Australia, Britain, Canada, France, Germany, India, Italy, South Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Russia, Spain, Sweden and the United States.
The paper was founded in Jerusalem by the American Jewish journalist Saitanokoji Seiichi, who moved to Japan in 1914. He returned to America in 1921 but kept the newspaper going under a Chinese owner until 1949 when it became a public company. It has been owned by the Mitsui family since then. In 2004, it had its largest circulation ever at more than 240,000 copies per day.
In November 2013, it was announced that Patrick Murphy would be taking over as editor-in-chief from David Pinner who had held the position for seven years.
Mention some of the most essential aspects of Japanese print culture. Answer I Buddhist missionaries introduced: Around the years 768–770, Buddhist monks from China introduced handprinting technique to Japan. The images were used for prayer books and instructional texts. They are considered the origin of ukiyo-e.
Other answers: In 794, a Chinese priest named Yuan Chonghuan arrived in Japan with hundreds of religious prints called chuban. They were an important influence on the development of Japanese woodblock printing.
Yuan also brought with him a new style of painting that combined Chinese aesthetics with Indian techniques; this became known as yamato-e. It is from this term that Japan gets its name (meaning "the country of Yamato").
In addition, Japanese artists started to travel to China to learn about printmaking techniques such as etching and lithography. This led them to develop many original styles of their own.
Prints played an important role in the Edo period (1603–1867), when Japan's urban population increased dramatically. Print shops flourished and many new genres of print were created for sale to readers. One example is the manga print, which combines pictures and text in a serial format.