Because Elizabethan poets and dramatists popularized sophisticated lyric poetry, England saw an ode boom in the 17th and 18th centuries. The structure was appropriate for Ben Jonson, Andrew Marvell, and John Milton's mixtures of life observation and religious devotion. Also important was the fact that each poet had his or her own pub, so they could get together and swap poems.
In addition to these men, Charles Darwin, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, and Percy Bysshe Shelley were all avid ode writers. Odes are formal poems written in iambic pentameter (five-stress line) about any subject matter, but especially ones that express admiration or reverence. They are usually shorter than other genres of poetry (about 15 lines per stanza), and often use abstract imagery and metaphor to make their points.
The first recorded use of the term "ode" is by John Donne in 1633. But it wasn't until much later that odes became popular again, due to the efforts of Ben Johnson, Andrew Marvell, and John Milton.
Elizabethan composers such as John Dowland, for example, transformed the poetry and music of the English Renaissance into madrigals and other musical styles in Shakespeare's England. As a result, art song became notably popular during the Romantic era of 19th-century Europe, and it is frequently regarded as a type of Romantic music.
Art songs can be divided up into several different categories: salon songs, chansonettes, cantatas, oratorios, and masses. Salon songs were popular in Paris during the 18th century, when they were sung at social gatherings by women with beautiful voices. They usually consisted of simple melody lines accompanied by an ensemble of harpsichords or pianos.
Chansonettes are short French songs that were popular among the nobility in 17th-and 18th-century France. They often include a vocal part for one voice accompanied by an instrument such as a guitar or a harpsichord.
Cantatas are large-scale poems for voice and orchestra that were popular throughout Europe in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. They often include multiple movements based on a single poem.
Oratorios are religious dramas that use music to express the emotions of the characters within the story. Oratorios first came into popularity in Italy during the 1560s. They are usually composed for many voices and instruments, such as choir, organ, and violin.
"Ode to the West Wind" is a revolutionary poem in which Shelley expresses his desire to disseminate his radical views far and wide. The poem has been interpreted as advocating both political and sexual freedom for women.
Shelley wrote the ode when he was a student at Oxford University. It was first published in 1814 in a collection of his poems titled _Alastor: A Lyrical Drama_. Although it is now regarded as one of his best-known works, "Ode to the West Wind" was not popular with many of his contemporaries because they believed it showed too much enthusiasm for liberty and violence. One critic called it "a mad ode upon a subject that no longer interests."
But Shelley saw nothing wrong with this apparent lack of restraint since he considered violence and freedom mutually exclusive terms. He also wanted to demonstrate that true poetry could come from any source—not just traditional epic or dramatic poetry but also something as simple as a breeze blowing through a window!
By writing about how amazing and free-spirited the wind is, Shelley wants us to believe that even though we may seem like little more than animals, we all have within us the potential to be as great as the wind if only we are willing to discover our own strength and courage.