9th of January, 1840 The Fourpenny Post ran briefly from 5 December 1839 to 9 January 1840, and marks were primarily done by hand. Rowland Hill was proven correct when the Uniform Penny Post was implemented on January 10, 1840. He had argued that hand-marked posts would not be consistent enough for effective communication between cities across Britain.
He also proved wrong when it came to keeping mail costs down. The Sixpence Post cost six pence per letter, rather than four pence as predicted. This was due to the fact that letters were not always sent directly from one town to another, but often through a local postmaster who paid him or herself depending on how far they went with their letters.
Penny Black stamps were first issued in February 1840 and are regarded as one of the most successful designs in postal history. They depict various subjects including children playing musical instruments, ships sailing away into the distance, and horses pulling carts loaded with letters and packages.
The postmark used by Penny Black stamps is called an "antidote" because it serves as both address and cancellation mark. Antidotes are applied after the first line of writing has been completed on each letter. They can only be placed on white paper and must be composed of two parts: an opaque black ink for writing and a transparent green ink for printing.
However, before that could be implemented, other components of his reforms had to be put in place. The most essential of these was a weight-based consistent fee. Although the aim was universal penny postage, the first alteration was made to a uniform four-penny post on December 5, 1839. This was reduced to three pence in 1840 and two pence in 1841.
The last change came on February 21, 1847, when the uniform price was restored to four pence. This remained the rate until 1861, when it was increased to five pence.
In 1872, the first adhesive stamps were issued for use on letters carried by the universal penny post. These were fourpence each in face value and were printed by Edward Maunde Thompson at his London office. They were designed by John Ellman and feature pictures of Eton College, Cambridge University, Westminster Abbey, and other landmarks of England and Wales.
In 1880, the penny post was extended to include parcels weighing up to one pound. Before then, packages over this size had been charged at half-price post rates. In addition, orders under a certain value could be sent at discounted prices. This all changed with the introduction of the universal penny post. From now on, all mail weighing more than one ounce would be charged at a flat rate of fourpence. Orders under a specific value would also receive discounts.
Parliament approved the establishment of penny posts in any town or city in the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland in 1765. Within the region, a single penny postal fee was charged based on weight. The first post offices were established by Royal Charter from 1765 to 1854. The British postal system was subsequently taken over by the government-run Post Office Department (POD) upon its creation in 1858. Changes were made to the name as well as the design of the postage stamp throughout its history.
The first post offices were generally located in towns with large populations of soldiers or sailors who were eligible for mail delivery. These locations often included port cities across Europe. In America, postmasters initially operated out of private homes before establishing offices in 1845. The U.S. Postal Service began delivering mail into homes in 1872.
In addition to traditional letter-writing, people sent news items, advertisements, and merchandise through the mail. The arrival of the penny post helped create a public awareness of what was now available as a means of communication. Printers began printing material specifically for the post office so that it could be mailed at no additional cost to the sender. This includes newspapers printed on low-cost paper produced primarily from wood pulp instead of cotton or linen fibers. Such papers are known today as "broadsheets."
Penny Post is a private mail service founded in 1680 by London businessman William Dockwra. All mails and parcels weighing up to one pound were delivered for one cent (1 d). In addition, the parcels were insured up to PS10. The company originally operated from an office near Charing Cross Station in London.
Its purpose was and is to bring down the cost of mailing letters and packages by dividing up large volumes into small quantities for individual customers. This makes post cheaper for both the sender and recipient.
The name "Penny Post" comes from the fact that each letter or package cost a penny to send. Delivery took one day per week on Tuesday at noon.
In 1881, the government acquired the rights to operate the service under the Post Office Act. From then on, the service was provided by the Government Department called the Postmaster-General's Office which later became part of the Royal Mail group.
After the establishment of the postal service, the number of letters and packages sent through the system increased dramatically. To cope with this increasing traffic, new offices were built and new routes introduced. By 1890, there were 33 post offices in London alone.
However, it wasn't enough to satisfy the public who felt that they needed a better service than what was offered by Penny Post.
On May 1, 1911, the new states' postal rates became unified due to the expansion of the United Kingdom's domestic postal rate of 1d per half ounce (Imperial Penny Post) to Australia as a part of the British Empire. The universal domestic mail rate became one penny. In 1911, one-cent postcards and lettercards were also available. These items are rare but may be found in larger cities like Sydney or Melbourne.
The one-cent stamp was issued in sheets of 12 stamps each with eight different subjects. These stamps were used until 1935 when they were all overprinted 10d stamps.
The one-cent stamp was issued in two varieties: flat and embossed. Flat one-cent stamps were used from 1911 to 1917 when they were replaced by embossed ones. Flat one-cent stamps were printed in four colors on paper that was later used for printing postage stamps up to 1965. From 1917 on, only three colors were used - green, black and yellow - on special paper called "Waterproof Paper." This made the one-cent stamp more durable and allowed them to be used for mailing letters, packages and postcards under water.
Embossed one-cent stamps were issued from 1918 to 1935. They are much harder to find than their flat counterparts because very few people knew they existed until now. There are three types of embossed one-cent stamps: regular, souvenir and hunter's sets.