The title poem from On the Bus with Rosa Parks was first published in The Georgia Review in 1998, but it was later included in a collection of Dove's other poems the following year. In it, she imagines a conversation between the civil rights heroine and John Keats, among others.
Dove was awarded the National Medal for Literature in 2008 for her poetry, which has been published in many magazines, including The New Yorker, where it won the Penney-Missouri Award for Poetry.
She has also written two novels, A Child of Our Time and How to Love a World that Doesn't Want To Be Loved back.
Rita Dove was born on August 4th, 1959 in Moultrie, Georgia. She is an American poet, author and playwright. Her work has received several awards, including the National Book Award, the Pulitzer Prize, the Griffin International Literary Prize, and the PEN/Laura Pels International Foundation Award. She has been recognized as one of the most important poets of our time.
Her book Of Woman Born: Women Writers at the Virginia Woolf Conference, 1958 was selected for the 2016 Orlando Prize.
She lives in Atlanta with her husband and two children.
Parks is mentioned in the poem but not by name (except for in the title). Dove alludes to Rosa Parks' most famous act: sitting at the front of a bus in the "white" section. By sitting there and doing "nothing," she "stood up" against segregation, tyranny, and bigotry. This inspired many people to do the same, which led to the Civil Rights Movement.
Dove uses this incident as an example of how one person can make a difference. Even though Rosa Parks didn't know it at the time, her action would have enormous consequences for America and the world.
The poem's theme is freedom. Rosa Parks was free to sit wherever she wanted on that bus, even if it was in the "colored" section. Most people wouldn't have done this because they weren't free to do so. But Rosa Parks was free, so she did.
Many other things are also meant to be symbolic in this poem. For example: the fact that Parks' name is spelled differently depending on where you come from (Parks vs. Parks) is used to show that we are all equal no matter what country we come from. Also, the fact that she died in Alabama but her body was taken back to Virginia is shown through these different references. She wanted to be buried in Alabama, but since this wasn't possible she was given instead to be with her family in another state.
Parks authored two books after she retired: Rosa Parks: My Story (1992), an autobiography that covers her life leading up to her choice to maintain her bus seat, and Quiet Strength (1995), a narrative that focuses on her religion. Both books were published by Disney Press.
In addition to writing her own book, Parks has also contributed to several other publications including essays and articles. Some of these works include contributions to biographies of Martin Luther King Jr. and Abraham Lincoln, as well as an article for The New York Times Magazine entitled "Why I Am Still in the Movement."
Parks's ideas and actions inspired many people to act similarly, which led to the creation of various organizations designed to improve racial equality in the United States. In 1955, the year she made her historic decision, there was only one such organization called the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). By the time of her death in 2005, there were more than 500 local chapters and branches of that organization across the country.
In addition to the NAACP, others include the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Justice at the Howard University School of Law, the Rosa and Raymond Parks Library at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, and the Rosa and Raymond Parks Museum of History & Culture at the Montgomery City-County Library.
The first time she appeared to him was in the spring of 1947, when she asked for "prayer, repentance, and reparation." The Mystic Rose was seen for the second occasion on July 13, the same year, clad in white with three flowers on her chest: a red rose representing the spirit of sacrifice, and a golden rose representing the spirit of penance.
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913–October 24, 2005) was a civil rights activist well known for her involvement in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Rosa Parks, known as the "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement," reignited the fight for racial equality in Montgomery, Alabama, when she refused to give up her bus seat to a white man. The arrest of Rosa Parks on December 1, 1955, sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott by 17,000 black individuals.
Rosa Parks was an American civil rights activist whose refusal to give up her seat on a public bus sparked the 1955–56 Montgomery bus boycott in Alabama, which launched the American civil rights movement. She is often regarded as the "mother of the civil rights movement."
Parks was born on January 13, 1913, in Birmingham, Alabama. She was raised by her grandmother after both of her parents died when she was young. In 1930, at the age of 18, Parks gained employment with the city bus company, where she learned how to operate all types of buses. She also learned that it was illegal for her to sit in the front seats of the bus; instead, she had to stand throughout most of her shift.
In April 1955, Rosa Parks was working as a seamstress for the Walter White Company when she was asked by the owner of the business if she would like to work the 2:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. shift one day per week. Since this job provided her with sufficient income, Parks agreed to work the afternoon shift on Monday. However, on the morning of Friday, December 1, 1955, while waiting for the first bus of the day, she was told by the driver that there were no more front-row seats available.
The notes also reflect the difficulties Parks encountered during this time period, such as being "shunned" by everyone in her employment. Rosa Parks returns to work in this letter after becoming well-known for her civil rights initiatives. She describes her comeback at the bank as "a glorious day."
Parks had also made several attempts to get another job, but without any success. In fact, she wrote that she could not get a single interview after writing these letters.
Finally, on December 28, 1955, Ms. Parks received a call from the president of a local branch of the Bank of America, asking her if she would like to go back to work. She said yes, and started working the next morning. The manager who called Rosa back to work commented that although they had thought about not hiring her, now they were glad they did.
In conclusion, this document shows that even though Rosa Parks had problems finding a job after she was fired from the bus company, she still had hope that something good would happen. And it did! Only a few months later, the president of the bank where she worked called her back for a job. It appears that even after being fired, she wasn't out of work for long.