The practice of writing a word with the initial letter in uppercase and the subsequent letters in lowercase is known as capitalization. Experienced authors use capital letters sparingly. They are most commonly used to indicate the start of a sentence or a new idea.
Words that begin with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) are generally capitalized. These include Articles, Adjectives, Adverbs, and Prefixes. Words that end with a vowel are also usually capitalized.
All other words are lowercased. This includes names, companies, products, formulas, and anything else that isn't considered part of speech. Also excluded from lowercasing are numbers; for example, "she saved him" rather than she's or he's. Finally, it's recommended but not required that prepositions be separated from their objects.
To ensure consistent capitalization, some writers use software that automatically capsizes words that should not be capitalized, such as names and words that are added to the dictionary. For those who don't have access to such software, there are several online tools available that will convert selected text into capitals.
Starting letters of words are often capitalized by mistake.
In writing systems with case distinctions, capitalization (or capitalisation) is the practice of writing a word with its initial letter as a capital letter (uppercase letter) and the subsequent characters in lower case. The phrase may also apply to the type of text case used. For example, title capitals and sentence caps are types of capitalization.
Initial capitals are usually placed on nouns, pronouns, and adjectives. Other parts of speech may have initial capitals depending on their role within the sentence. Final capitals are often used at the end of sentences, but other contexts may require them as well. Sometimes only the first letter of a word is capitalized; for example, Boston would be written BOS. In such cases, there is no distinction between initial and final capitals.
Words that begin with a vowel are generally not capitalized. This includes most inflections (such as -ed, -ing, -selves), participles, and some other words derived from verbs or adjectives. Non-standard uses of words may change this rule. For example, words derived from slang or jargon may not be capitalized unless they are adopted into common usage.
Generally speaking, proper names are capitalized when they appear in print, while non-proper names are not. However, names that are commonly used without attribution may need to be capitalized to distinguish them from other words with similar spelling.
In case-differentiated writing systems, capitalization (North American English) or capitalisation (British English) is the practice of writing a word with its initial letter as a capital letter (uppercase letter) and the subsequent letters in lower case. The rules have also evolved through time, with the goal of capitalizing fewer words. Today, most languages of the world include some form of capitalization in their written forms.
Words that start sentences or paragraphs are generally capitalized. Words that start quotations, lists, or headings are usually capitalized as well. Other words may be capitalized for various reasons, such as to indicate a noun, verb, or adjective; to distinguish between different meanings of a single word; or simply because writers choose to do so. Many words are commonly capitalized without any apparent reason at all.
The first letter of each word in a sentence or paragraph should be capitalized unless it is either at the beginning of a sentence or after another sentence starter (such as a conjuction).
To capitalize a word, make the initial letter of the word a capital letter—an uppercase letter. To capitalize the word polish (which is spelt with a lowercase p here), type it as Polish. A capitalized word is one whose first letter is a capital.
All nouns and adjectives are capitalized in written English. Articles do not usually have a capital letter, but when they do, they appear in boldface: an article that, an article that. Non-boldfaced articles take no special form in writing or speaking.
Males and females are distinguished by the use of capitals: male mammals are called "dogs" and "cats", while female mammals are called "doves" and "hens".
The names of persons are also capitalized: William Shakespeare, George Washington. In general usage, only proper names are capitalized, so Abraham Lincoln would be lowercased. However other styles may vary from these examples. It depends on how formal you want to be!
Animals are usually not named with capital letters, although some animals have been given unique capitalizations for linguistic purposes: Baa Baa Black Sheep and Old MacDonald had sheep. Some animals are also capitalized because they are treated as individuals within their species: Lassie, Smokey, Tom Sawyer.
The capital mark consists of three horizontal lines beneath the letter to be capitalized. Lowercase: A lowercase mark is a line drawn through the letter to be lowercased. E.g., s for sentence.
Uppercase: An uppercase mark is a line drawn through the letter to be uppercased. I.e., S for sentence.
Titlecase: A titlecase mark is a line drawn through the letter, with each side angled downward and outward. I.e., Dr for Doctor.
Modifier Mark: A modifier mark is a small dot or circle placed above or below a base letter to indicate that it is intended to be modified by another letter, digit, or punctuation sign. E.g., omitting the leading vowel in an adjective phrase such as "the red house" produces "the rd hs".
Number Mark: A number mark is a small dot or circle used in mathematics to represent a number. The most common one is the decimal point. There are other numbers marks, such as the comma, which is used instead when writing out amounts in dollars and cents.
They display the beginning of a sentence or the name. "Capitals" are best taught as the first letter of a child's name at first. Once the youngster is ready to read or write a sentence, emphasize the importance of starting with an uppercase letter. This will help develop confidence and command of the keyboard for future use.
There are two ways to teach children to write their names: by hand on paper, which is called penmanship; or by typing on a computer, which is called kerning. Both methods are important, but especially in today's technology-driven world, learning how to write by hand on paper is less common. However, this traditional method helps children develop fine motor skills that are necessary for handwriting and spelling. Handwriting also allows for more creativity, since young children have not yet learned to be constrained by rules and regulations when writing.
Computers can replace the need for handwriting. Young children who learn to type will still need to practice handwriting at some point, but it can be replaced at first by typing. This does not mean that children should only learn to type instead of writing by hand first, though. Both activities are beneficial for children's literacy development and should be done regularly.
Writing systems often include both lowercase and uppercase letters because they convey different meanings.
The capitalization rules for the body of the letter are the same as the standard capitalization rules. The following terms should be capitalized in general: Proper nouns, which are names for specific individuals, places, or organizations, are the first word of a sentence. Common nouns are those words that describe people, places, or things without regard to size, quantity, value, or social significance. Proper nouns and common nouns share several characteristics: They are usually surnames, titles, expressions, and abbreviations. Examples of proper nouns include Bush, Hitler, and Gandhi; examples of common nouns include dog, tree, and chair.