When separating things in a list, a writer should use a colon at the conclusion of the list. Use colons to separate the elements. 4 Place a comma after the "and" before the final item.
Introduce the list with a new phrase or independent clause. To indicate that the list will be long, use a colon, and commas to divide items in a short list. If you need to divide the items in the list, a semicolon separates things that are more than three words long and items that include commas. A period ends the list.
Use transition words to connect ideas within the sentence, such as moreover, also, therefore, so, then, thereby, thus, hence, firstly, later, lastly, rather, thusly.
Avoid using conjunctions at the end of sentences, unless they are necessary (such as and, but not or). Conjunctions bring ideas closer together by connecting them with each other.
Use clear and simple language when writing essays that require formal grammar. Use proper nouns and adjectives to describe people, places, and things. This adds clarity and interest to your writing.
Proofread your work for errors before you submit it. You don't want to embarrass yourself by sending in your own personal essay while leaving out some important details about itself.
Commas are commonly used to divide items in a list. When the list items themselves contain commas, you can "outrank" those commas by using semicolons as list item separators. For example, "John;Doe;14 Main St.;Boston, MA 02134;" is easier to read than "John; Doe; 14 Main St.; Boston, MA 02134."
Semicolons are also used to separate items in a list, especially when the list is very long. However, when there are a lot of semicolons, it becomes hard to read because they make the text look like it's been broken up into pieces. Therefore, it's best practice to use commas instead of semicolons whenever possible.
In addition, you should avoid putting quotation marks around lists if you can help it. Doing so makes it difficult to distinguish individual items in the list.
Finally, don't forget that periods are used as list terminators. These terminate your lists and require an item after them. However, periods are also used elsewhere in writing for effect so they must be used with care.
If any of the elements in a list or series have commas, use a semicolon between them. There are two primary ways to write: with a pen or pencil, which is affordable and immediately available, or with a computer and printer, which is more expensive but faster and neater. Either way you choose, be sure to include all the necessary information.
Make bulleted lists for items that don't need to be in order and numbered lists for ones that must. Put the list's bullet or number between one or two blank characters after the first letter of the text. Separate the items with commas or periods.
Items in the list should be double-spaced and indented. 5 inches tall If you're using whole sentences, start each list item with a capital letter, just like a regular phrase, and add final punctuation (typically a period) at the end. This is called "typing style" and it's required for most publications.
Formatted Lists Only use a colon to introduce the list items if the list is preceded by a complete phrase. (b) item, and so on. Within the parenthesis, use either ordinary Arabic numbers or lowercase letters, but do so consistently. Items 1, 2, and 3 are good examples.
Lists in Format