The poem was initially published on September 3, 1899, to commemorate the first anniversary of the newspaper La Independencia, and was later put to the melody of the Marcha Nacional Filipina. For a short time, the Flag Act of 1907 restricted the use of the hymn and other Philippine revolutionary and Katipunan emblems. However, no legal action was taken against those who owned or used the images, and thus they continued to be used widely by activists in favor of independence.
Lupang Hinirang became the national anthem on February 2, 1935, after President Manuel L. Quezon signed an act creating a National Anthem Commission. The commission chose "Ang Lahat Ng Buhay Ko" by Felipe Angeles as the new anthem. However, "Ang Lahat Ng Buhay Ko" is not officially recognized by the government as the Philippines' official anthem because it was chosen long before the current regime. The original version of "Lupang Hinirang" was also deemed unfit for adoption as the nation's anthem because of its controversial subject matter - it is a war song that calls for violence against the enemy.
In October 2000, then President Joseph Ejercito "Erap" Estrada issued a decree restoring the former version of Lupang Hinirang as the country's official anthem. The move was intended to remove any ambiguity about its status while also honoring the composer. However, no official proclamation confirming this has been made public by the Estrada administration.
Filipina National Marcha "Lupang Hinirang" (Chosen Land), originally titled "Marcha Nacional Filipina" (Philippine National March) in Spanish, is the Philippines' national song. Julian Felipe created the music in 1898, while the words were adapted from Jose Palma's 1899 Spanish poem "Filipinas."
It was first performed before a U.S. naval squadron at the port of Cavite on April 11, 1899. The song became the anthemic signature tune of President Emilio Aguinaldo and his government-in-exile during their struggle for independence from Spain. It also served as their farewell song upon their exile to Hong Kong after the signing of the Treaty of Paris that ended the Philippine-American War in December 1902.
When Aguinaldo returned to the Philippines in May 1904, he ordered that the song be played every time the Philippine flag was raised at its various military installations throughout the country. As such, it became the first official national anthem of the Philippines.
The current version of "Lupang Hinirang" was adopted in 1961 by presidential decree. It replaces an earlier attempt by President Carlos P. Garcia to have "Himno Nacional Filipino" (National Filipino Hymn) adopted by Congress. That attempt failed because it did not receive enough votes in the House of Representatives.
Filipina National Marcha Julian Felipe (January 28, 1861–October 2, 1944) was a Filipino composer who wrote the music for the Philippine national anthem, which was once known as "Marcha Nacional Filipina" but is now known as "Lupang Hinirang."
He received some formal musical training and was also self-taught. He was appointed director of music at the University of the Philippines in 1898, where he taught classes in piano and organ playing. In 1901, he became director of music at the College of San Carlos in Manila, where he remained until his death.
Julian Felipe is also known for composing the tune that today represents the country's official song, "Mutya ng Pilipinas." This song was originally titled "Alabado Ring! Alabado Ring!" It was written to celebrate the marriage of President Emilio Aguinaldo to Matilde Domingo de Benavente on April 11, 1869. The couple had met when they were students at the Royal Academy of Music in Madrid. Aguinaldo was very fond of Felipe's music and often asked him to write songs for the nation to celebrate events such as birthdays, martyrdoms, and inaugurations. "Mutya ng Pilipinas" was one of these songs.
Julian Felipe created the music in 1898, while the words were adapted from Jose Palma's 1899 Spanish poem Filipinas. The song became a hit and helped make Felipe a wealthy man. He went on to have a successful career as a bandleader in Manila nightclubs.
Lupang Hinirang has been recorded by many artists including:
Eddie Rickenbacker - with his Orchestra (1938)
Doris Day - with her Orchestra (1953)
Rosemary Clooney - for her album Rosemary Clooney Sings Filipino Songs (1960)
Andy Williams - for his album Romance and Latin Music (1963)
Kenny Rogers & The First Edition - for their album Portrait of Kenny Rogers (1964)
James Last - with his Orchestra (1965)
The Shadows - for their album Around the World (1966)
Jack Jones - for his album I'd Like to Teach the World to Sing (1967)
Peter, Paul and Mary - for their album We Three (1968)