In 1741, the first American periodicals were published. Philadelphia printers Andrew Bradford and Benjamin Franklin (owners of competing newspapers) competed to create the first American magazine. They both succeeded.
They began publishing annual issues in October 1741 and they continued for three years. These magazines covered topics such as science, history, politics, and literature. They also included advertisements for books, tools, games, and clothing. This is considered the beginning of the age of journalism in America.
The first issue of Bradford's magazine was entitled "A Collection of Papers Relative to the English Settlement in North America." It included articles by Franklin on subjects such as electricity, gravity, and kites. The second issue was titled "A Collection of Papers Relative to the Trade between England and the Colonies." It included articles about avoiding import tariffs on products from Europe that could be produced in America more cheaply.
Bradford's magazine lasted for only one year while Franklin's remained popular so it can be said that he founded the first daily newspaper in America. He sold his paper to Hugh Meredith who renamed it "The Pennsylvania Gazette".
Franklin wrote articles for both magazines but did not charge for them. He received no compensation except for printing costs which were paid by their publishers.
It was called "The American Illustrated Magazine" from September 1905 to May 1906, then "The American Magazine" until publication stopped in 1956. Throughout its history, it used a continuous volume numbering system. Crowell-Collier published The American Magazine until its demise in 1956. Its last issue was dated July-August 1956.
It is estimated that during its lifetime the magazine was read by hundreds of thousands of people. It is also known that it had a significant influence on magazine publishing; according to one source, it was responsible for the creation of more than 100 other monthly magazines.
Today, only eight issues are known to survive at the Huntington Library and Art Gallery in San Marino, California. These can be seen here: http://www.huntington.org/education/magazines/.
The American Magazine was one of the first American magazines to use full-color plates. Before this time, most magazines used black-and-white illustrations; they were available but expensive to produce. The American Magazine made these plates themselves or hired artists from the commercial art world to do so.
This issue is number 8 of The American Magazine's lifetime. It is an exciting story about two brothers who go on a mission trip to Mexico. One brother leaves home without telling his parents, which causes problems later on. Another brother steals money from their father to finance their trip.
Erbauliche Monaths Unterredungen, a literary and philosophical journal published in Germany in 1663, was the first example of a magazine. The Gentleman's Magazine, which debuted in London in 1731, was the first general-interest publication. Today, magazines are often defined as journals that regularly publish articles by authors from all over the world.
The word "magazine" comes from the Latin magazinus, meaning "selling anything at a price." In modern usage, it refers to a periodical published by a company or organization, usually with several issues per year. Magazines may be devoted to art, photography, fashion, science, history, politics, sports, entertainment, religion, and many other topics. They often contain serialized novels, comics, and movies, as well as articles on various subjects of interest to readers.
Before the 19th century, books were expensive and out of reach for most people, so publications such as almanacs, newspapers, and magazines covered topics of interest to the general public. These early publications sometimes contained advertising for businesses seeking to increase their market share, but they also included news reports about current events that might not otherwise have reached wide audiences.
In 1866, William Randolph Hearst launched what is considered today as one of the first mass-market magazines, American Magazine, which featured stories about celebrities, society life, and arts.
In 1923, America's first weekly news magazine was launched. The magazine featured the most important national and worldwide stories. TIME magazine is becoming a go-to source for reliable, in-depth news pieces. Sports Illustrated first appeared in 1954. It too provides comprehensive coverage of sports news.
News magazines are published every week or month. They cover current events related to politics, business, entertainment, sports, and science. They aim to be objective and factual while also providing an opinion piece or two. News magazines are written primarily by journalists, but sometimes by other authors as well. Some examples of news magazines include TIME, Sports Illustrated, Newsweek, The New Yorker, and Smithsonian.
News magazines are different from history magazines which cover topics like war reports or biographies. History magazines typically focus on one event or period of time whereas news magazines report on many things daily. History magazines are more academic in nature while news magazines are more popular in nature.
The first issue of TIME magazine came out on March 1, 1923. It included an article about the Apollo moon landing by Jules Bergner called "Man on the Moon". This was before the moon landing became a public event so it is possible that nobody knew it would be a success!
TIME also covered the trial of Charles Manson and the serial killer case known as the Green River Killer.
Why did magazines emerge later in the American colonies than newspapers? They lacked a sizable middle class, broad literacy, and modern printing.
Magazines were first introduced to the American colonies about a hundred years after the founding of the country. They began as part of the educational system in some of the larger colonial cities, such as Boston. These publications usually included articles on history, religion, politics, science, and literature. Some had a broader scope, such as Philadelphia's General Magazine and Virginia's Virginian Journal.
In the early days, magazines were expensive to produce and could only be read by the wealthy. This changed when Benjamin Franklin published The Pennsylvania Gazette, the first daily newspaper in America. Other papers followed, including those published by Thomas Jefferson in Virginia and John Adams in Massachusetts.
The colonies had no national government at this time, so each one developed its own media systems which were often different from city to city or state to state. This is why we see such a wide range of publications across the country at this early stage of the nation's history. As we will learn in future lessons, this situation continued after the American Revolution with many small towns having their own journals and large cities like New York publishing weekly and monthly magazines.