Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia. Simone Weil's "The Iliad, or The Poem of Force" (French: L'Iliade, ou le poeme de la force) is a 24-page essay written in 1939. The article is on Homer's epic poem, The Iliad, and includes thoughts on the epic's findings about the nature of power in human affairs. Weil wrote this essay while working as a secretary for the French Communist Party.
Weil first became interested in ancient Greece when she read about some Greek philosophers such as Heraclitus and Parmenides. She also learned that there was an epic poem called The Iliad that described events from the Trojan War. This fascinated Weil because it showed that people many years ago had sensed something wrong with war itself, even if they didn't know what else to do about it. Weil decided to write her own opinion about The Iliad and its implications for today.
In the essay, Weil says that The Iliad describes a society where men are at the top of the hierarchy and women are below them. Women are used by men to get what they want. For example, Menelaus wants to marry Helen back home in Sparta so he can be king there too. So, he sends out men to fight for him at Troy so that he can become king over both Sparta and Troy. Meanwhile, his wife is raped by Paris who brings her to Troy to make Menelaus jealous.
Homer's epic poem The Iliad was composed in Greek. It depicts the final year of the Trojan War, which was fought between the city of Troy and the Greeks. The Iliad is made up of 24 books or "strophes" (lines) of poetry. Each book focuses on a single battle of the war.
In order to win the war, the Greek leaders decide to steal away with the captured women of Troy. This decision causes a rift between them all. Meanwhile, back in Troy, the men of Troy decide to send out another group of men to fight for them. These new men are called "Achilles". He fights against Agamemnon, king of Greece, but loses. After many more battles between the two sides, finally, after many sacrifices have been made, Achilles kills Agamemnon in revenge for the death of his friend Patroclus. But then, Athena, the goddess who fights on the side of the Greeks, makes Achilles immortal.
After this, everyone goes home except for Achilles who stays in Troy to marry Hector's daughter Hesione. But even though they love each other very much, Achilles and Hector never get married because at the end of every year, Achilles has to go back to fight in the wars.
The Iliad is a 24-book epic poem generally assigned to the Greek poet Homer. It is based on the Trojan War, although its major focus is on the Greek hero Achilles. The work dates from approximately 800 BC to 700 BC.
The Iliad is important for ancient Greek history and culture. It covers the period from the death of Achilles in the tenth year of the war to its conclusion in the following year with the fall of Troy. The story it tells is of the conflict between the Greeks and the Trojans who live near them in what is now southern France. As well as being an account of the war itself, the Iliad is also a narrative poem that describes the adventures of some of the main characters including Odysseus, Aias, Hector and Achilles.
It is estimated that the Iliad took Homer ten years to complete. The first two books are lost but there remain twenty-four bookes, divided into three catgories: I Books 11-17 cover the events leading up to the war; Ii Books 18-24 deal with the fighting itself; Iii Book 23 contains a list of those who died in the war.
Homer's style is formal and archaic, but the Iliad contains many interesting details about life in Greece at this time.
The Iliad is a Homeric epic poem about the quarrels and fighting at the conclusion of the Trojan War. Agamemnon resolves to fight the Trojans and persuades other troops to join him. Achilles returns to the battlefield to assassinate Hector. But the Iliad isn't simply about warriors and monarchs. It also tells of the love affairs, battles, and adventures of several characters including Odysseus, Diomedes, Nestor, and Ajax.
Here's how John Keats describes The Iliad in his 1819 poem "Ode on a Grecian Urn":
"Much that is noble, much that is divine/About action and reaction, change and balance, lives within this work."
So The Iliad is about heroism, tragedy, love, death, and more. It's also about how different things are viewed at different times in history. For example, soldiers in the Iliad have no interest in killing women and children, but this was not unusual in war at the time.
The Iliad has been called many things over the years including: "the national anthem of Greece", "a classic of Western literature", and "the longest poem ever written".
It was first published in four books in 1826 by George Chapman with an English translation by Thomas Stanley. Today it is usually divided into 24 sections or "books".