Villanella, a rustic song in Italy (Italian villanella from villano: "peasant"); the name was adopted in France in the late 16th century to indicate a short lyric of popular nature preferred by writers. The form became popular after its inclusion in an anthology of poems called Le Grand Recueil de Poésies published in 1561 by Charles VI of France.
It is generally accepted that Villanella di Baviera is based on a real person. There are several possible candidates, among them Maria von Berchtold, who married the Landgrave Wilhelm V of Hesse in 1567. She was a talented poet in her own right and probably had a hand in composing the poem. The couple had three children but were divorced in 1572. Her second husband was Count Palatine Frederick IV of Zweibrücken, who died in 1583. She then moved back to Bavaria, where she lived out her life in poverty because the government considered her marriage invalid.
The poem itself is quite explicit about its subject's status: he or she is a peasant and this poem is meant for peasants. It is also clear that the speaker is a young man in love with his neighbor's wife. Such affairs were common among the rural poor at the time and resulted in many children being born into poor families.
Villanelles were initially oriented on pastoral scenery, and many of its subjects celebrate rural life. As the fixed villanelle gained popularity, writers utilized it to express a wide range of emotions, from joy to melancholy, and from love to loss.
The term "villanelle" comes from the Italian word for "shepherd", because these poems were popular with Renaissance poets who lived in villages or small towns. They are simple poems, often using a stanza pattern called a forma senza measure (measureless form). A poet would choose how many syllables make up a line, as well as what kind of syllable: stressed or unstressed. The number of lines in a villanelle follow a pattern called an enjambment; this means the last line does not end with a full stop but with a short dash instead. Between each two verses there is usually a caesura (break) where you can insert a comment by adding words such as "yet" or "still". These comments give readers information about the character's mood that may not be clear from just reading the poem.
In conclusion, the villanelle is a simple poem that allows room for expression. Many great artists have used this form to create their own unique work.
The villanelle is a type of poetry form that employs repeated lines and a tight rhyming pattern throughout its 19 lines, which are divided into six stanzas. Villanelles have a lyrical feel to them, and their organized lines create a song-like poetry. They are generally humorous in tone and often depict unhappy situations or relationships.
Villanelles are named after the village of Villa de Leyva in Spain, because French poet Jules La Fontaine first described his ideas for this type of poetry in 1668.
They are similar to the Japanese haiku and Italian sonnet, both of which use strict metrical rules and consist of three parts: a five-seven-five syllabic sequence for the introductory verse, a tercet for the middle stanza, and a quatrain for the final stanza. However, while the villanelle follows the traditional seven-line stanza structure, the haiku and sonnet each have some variation on this number (usually five or nine).
Furthermore, unlike the haiku and sonnet, which are written in iambic pentameter (or five-foot measures), the villanelle is written in tetrameters (four-measure lines).
The Spanish villanelle also shares certain similarities with the German ballad.
Villancico, a type of Spanish song, was popular throughout the Renaissance, although it may also be found in earlier and later times. It is a literary and musical style that may be sung with or without the accompaniment of instruments. It evolved from a folk song, typically with a devotional hymn or love poem as text, into an art music genre. The term "villancico" comes from the town of Villanueva de la Vera Cruz in Spain, where they were first written down by musicians from Mexico.
The word "villaço" is derived from "vilano", a kind of small guitar. Thus, a villancico is a little guitar song.
The early villancicos were based on religious themes and performed by priests during services. Later, professional singers (often women) began to perform them at court or for paying customers. They are best known for their use in vespers, but many other types of villancicos can be found - some are even played while people sleep!
In the 15th century, composers such as Juan del Encina and Guillaume de Machaut used elements from the early songs to create new works now considered to be part of the mensural tradition. By the 16th century, further evolution occurred when vocal parts were divided between two individuals - one to sing the melody and another to recite the text. This process, which is still used today, resulted in longer poems being set to music.