Click the bottom right corner of the Paragraph group on the Home tab to launch the Paragraph dialog box. Under "Special," click the drop-down list arrow and pick "First Line, by 0.5" for body paragraphs. For shorter quotations, use quotation marks and insert them directly into the text. For longer quotations, find a place where there is enough space and insert your quotation mark style (such as double or single) and leave a margin of about 5% of the length of the quotation.
If you're using Microsoft Word 2007 or later, go to the Home tab and click the down arrow next to Special Characters. Pick "Quotation Marks" from the list. Then, when you want to add a quotation mark to a document, click the Insert Symbol button on the toolbar or press Alt+0149.
MLA guidelines specify that body text should be set in 12-point type with 1/2 point margins. Headings should be set in 14-point type with 1-inch margins at the top and bottom. Use footnotes instead of endnotes. End your paper with a full page margin on all sides. Avoid blank lines between sections.
Access the MLA website to view current guidelines. Also visit the MLA website to search for books, journals, and other resources available to help with your research. Finally, take time to read some of the articles posted on the site.
Here's how it works:
Extensive quotations Direct quotes of 40 words or more should be typed in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, with quotation marks omitted. Begin the citation on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, just as you would a new paragraph. The quotation should be placed at the beginning of the sentence it supports.
In academic writing, extensive quotations are passages that are taken directly from a source. These passages are often very long and require separate attention. To illustrate, let's say that we want to include a quote that is 20 sentences long. It is important to give the reader context by explaining what kind of statement it is and why it matters. A good strategy is to start with a short paraphrase and then compare and contrast this version with the original text. This exercise will help you understand the quote better and allow you to explain its importance in your own words.
When quoting extensively, avoid using footnotes or endnotes because they appear after the text has been printed or posted online. Instead, attach files to the body of an email and include instructions with any highly relevant material. For example, if the quote you are using appears at the end of one of your arguments, but is still important to understanding that argument, you could attach it there.
Email is a convenient way to share attachments.
Place quotes longer than four lines of prose or three lines of verse in a free-standing block of text and avoid quotation marks. Begin the quotation on a new line, with the full quotation indented 1/2 inch from the left margin and double spaced. End the quotation on its own line, with the quotation mark character appearing directly above the end of the quotation.
Longer quotations can be placed in separate paragraphs if necessary. The author's name should appear at the top of the first page along with the title if it is not part of the body of the essay. Additional pages should be included only if necessary. Each paragraph in an essay must be complete in itself and contain no parenthetical remarks or additional information not essential for the clear understanding of the sentence.
The recommended length for essays varies depending on the discipline. In general, though, academic essays are usually between 6,000 and 8,000 words (for a review article, this amount increases to 10,000-20,000 words). Health care essays typically range from 15 to 20 pages long while social work essays tend to be more extensive - usually 25 to 30 pages long. Personal narratives are often just under 10,000 words long.
In terms of formatting, use footnotes rather than endnotes for longer quotations. This will help maintain the flow of the essay while still providing sufficient information for the reader to locate specific passages within the text.
To quote five or more lines of prose or three or more lines of verse, start on a new line, indent the quoted section 1 inch (2.5 cm) or around ten spaces from the left margin, and double-space between lines without using quotation marks. A parenthetical citation within the quoted material signals to readers that information comes from an outside source.
For example, if you were to reference the previous paragraph's call for artists' submissions, it would look like this: "See 'How can I find art works for my museum?' for guidance." The word "see" indicates that the following piece of text is relevant to the reader. The comma after "how can I find art works for my museum?" separates one idea from another. The word "see" brings attention back to the sentence where it belongs, and the period ends the sentence so that readers know what kind of information follows.
It is important to remember that MLA does not require closing quotations with periods, but rather than are necessary because they provide closure to sentences. Also, beginning quotations with capital letters is acceptable too; however, ending quotations with lowercase letters is preferred because it helps to distinguish words that are part of the same sentence.
An MLA block quote begins on a new line, is indented 0.5 inch, and has no quotation marks. In MLA, format a block quotation as follows: