A leading line should always point to the topic and never out of frame or into the distance. Get out there and start looking for leading lines now. It is a simple approach to direct the viewer's attention to a specific area of interest.
Leading lines are lines in an image that the photographer has framed and positioned to bring the viewer's eye to a specific area of focus. These lines frequently guide the viewer's attention in a certain direction or to a specific area of the shot. They can also help separate one subject from another, or within the same subject. Leading lines may be natural features such as a river, road, or fence; or they may be man-made such as lighting fixtures, poles, or walls. The term "leading line" is often used interchangeably with "focus point," but this is not correct: A focus point is simply one out of many possible areas of focus. The other area(s) might be out of focus, or perhaps even sharp, but they're still part of the photo and can attract attention if they lead the eye into interesting territory.
When you frame your picture, you are defining its boundaries and creating a sense of space. You want these boundaries to be clear and effective, so they lead the eye somewhere it can enjoy being led. Sometimes this means including more than one object in the frame to provide interest or variety. Other times, such as with portraits, it may mean focusing on one particular thing while ignoring others nearby. The key is to understand how leading lines can help create balance, unity, and atmosphere in your pictures.
There are several types of leading lines available to you as a photographer.
They can be any one of several things: a tree, a building, a person walking down the street. The photo must include something leading lines about which to talk.
There are two types of leading lines: physical and graphic. Physical leading lines are actual objects in the photograph that guide the viewer's eye across the picture. For example, if there is a tree standing in front of a field with no other trees or buildings in the scene, then the tree is the only physical leading line in the photo. It guides the viewer's eye across the picture to another object or element - in this case, the field - because there is nothing else in the frame to catch the eye.
Graphic leading lines are images or items within the photo that lead the eye across the picture. These can be signs pointing toward destinations, as well as photographs themselves. In fact, many photos contain both physical and graphic leading lines. The key here is that both types of leading lines need to be present in order for the image to work as a whole.
Simply said, leading lines are an image composition method that uses line shapes—such as a road or river—to direct the viewer's attention to the main topic of the shot. People's eyes are naturally drawn to the lines of a picture when they look at it. You can use this fact by placing objects that stand out from their surroundings along these invisible paths: The more unusual the object, the better. This will help attract attention and provide context to what is going on in the photo.
There are two types of leading lines: internal and external. Internal leading lines are ones that exist within the scene being photographed, such as roads or rivers. External leading lines are elements that aren't part of the actual subject matter of the photograph that help direct our attention to something else. For example, if you were to take a photo of a flower bed, a tree would be providing an external leading line by drawing our eye downward toward the ground. An interesting pattern created by gravel stones placed in a circle would be using an external leading line to draw attention away from itself—the photo could show a close-up of one of the stones or even the entire ringed area might be captured with space around it—the choice is up to you!
The most effective leading lines will guide the viewer's eye through the photo without being obvious.
Leading is an important design element that governs how text is spaced vertically in lines. The lead is calculated by subtracting the baseline of each line of text from which the characters "sit." Descenders are lengthier sections of letters that descend below the baseline, such as a lowercase g. As you can see in this image, the letter g sits below the baseline.
There are five main types of leads: flat, half-flat, double-baseline, triple-baseline, and square/raised-print.
Flat leads are those with no descender. They are used for normal text that is not calligraphic or decorative. Half-flat leads have only the bottom half of the letter descender; the top half rises above the baseline. These leads are used when you want to draw attention to some text in a column but don't want it to look too calligraphic. Double-baseline leads have letters that sit on both sides of the baseline. These leads are used when you have long passages of text that require a larger vertical space than what a single-line lead would provide. Triple-baseline leads have all three parts of the letter descender: the head, the stem, and the tail. These leads are used when you need to give more space to a word that requires it. Square/raised-print leads are like flat leads but with squares instead of circles for the body of the letter.
The vertical space from the same point on one line to the same point on the next within the same paragraph is referred to as leading. Although this is not strictly precise, leading is referred to as line spacing in Word. The amount of leading that separates two lines of text is called the interline distance.
A lead is any portion of the width of a page or other writing surface allocated for placing material such as an advertisement or heading. When printed, ads are placed about equally spaced across the page with each ad occupying its own lead. Headings are placed near the top of pages and also occupy their own lead - they are used to divide up dense papers and magazines into more readable sections.
Leading can be negative or positive. A negative lead means that there is too much space between the lines of text, which makes reading difficult. A positive lead is the correct amount of space between the lines of text, which allows for better readability.
When you create a document with multiple paragraphs without specifying a margin-left or margin-right, Microsoft Word automatically sets the leading to be equal throughout the document. You can change this default behavior by inserting into your template.