In-text Citation: MLA's in-text citation style employs the author's last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is derived, as in: (Smith 163). If the source does not utilize page numbers, omit the number from the parenthetical citation: (Smith). Alternatively, if you wish to include the date of publication or access time, follow the citation with these additional elements: (Smith, September 25, 2003).
The author-page standard is followed by the parenthetical citation or in-text citation in MLA style; it needs both the author's last name and the page number. The example below uses the author-page standard.
The book title, Annabel Lee, is followed by this parenthetical citation: (Alcott, 1832). It means that Alcott was on page 32 of the book titled Annabel Lee.
Annabel Lee was written by Louisa May Alcott when she was 19 years old. It was first published in 1832. At the time it was very popular among young people because it was a novel that showed how a beautiful girl from a poor family could make some good friends but also lose them because of her own choice. Today it is seen as one of the first novels that focuses on female characters with feelings. When writing papers in English class, it is useful to use examples such as this one to help explain concepts related to formatting citations.
An in-text citation in MLA should include the author's last name as well as the page number of the content you quote or reference. It is frequently placed at the conclusion of the phrase in parentheses. This is called an in-text citation.
In addition, some sources require that you identify yourself with a title before quoting or referencing their work. For example, The New York Times requires that authors identify themselves as writers on op-ed pages with a first name and surname (i.e., "The New York Times", not just "Times").
It is important to note that an in-text citation is different from a parenthetical citation. A parenthetical citation is used within the text of your essay to avoid disrupting the flow of your argument or analysis. These appear within quotes (""") or brackets () and contain the information about the source: its full title, date, and page numbers. You should use multiple sources for any one fact or idea throughout your essay; therefore, it is necessary to provide detailed in-text citations for each source.
In general, there are two types of in-text citations: primary and secondary. Primary sources are those which were produced by the person or people you are citing. They may be books, articles, interviews, recordings, etc.
In-text citation in MLA style is done using the author-page technique. This implies that the author's last name and the page number (s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is derived must be included in the text, and a complete citation must be included on your Works Cited page.
In-text citations are placed at the end of quotations or paraphrases. In addition, they should be used whenever you want to refer to other parts of the same document or another documents by number instead of title. For example, if you are quoting several sentences from a newspaper article, you would use an in-text citation to reference those sentences rather than listing them all again at the end of your essay.
Citations in academic essays should be accurate and properly formatted. If you have trouble creating accurate in-text citations or finding appropriate references, consider using online citation generators such as these: http://www.citationmaker.com/ and http://www.bibgenerator.com/.
After writing your essay, carefully read it for any errors in citation style or grammar. If you find some errors, correct them immediately before submitting your paper for grading.
When available, in-text MLA citations should contain the author's last name and page number. The citation must come after the quotation but before the quoted content. The citation should be in parentheses, with no comma between the author's last name and the page number. The comma is unnecessary.
How do you utilize the MLA author-page citation? The author's last name and page number (s) must appear inside the text and immediately following the direct or indirect citation. A period should follow the page number citation.
The author-page citation should be included in all academic papers unless specifically excluded by your school or department. If your paper was published in a book, journal article, or anthology and they have the need for an author-page citation, they will contact you if there are any additional details they need from you. Your publisher may have other requirements for what format the citation needs to be in so make sure to check with them first before proceeding.
Your instructor should provide more information about how to properly format the author-page citation within the course material. However, here is an overview of how it works:
The author-page citation allows readers to find out more information about the author beyond their name and the title of their work. It is especially useful when writing about authors who have multiple books, articles, or projects they are responsible for. By providing readers with this information, they can better understand the context of the work being cited.
The author-page citation should not be confused with the endnote citation.
When you allude to, summarize, paraphrase, or reference another source, provide a parenthetical citation. Every in-text reference in your work must be accompanied by a corresponding item in your Works Cited list. The author's last name and a page number are used in the MLA parenthetical citation style; for example (Field 122).
In addition to the standard parenthetical citation, you can use these formats as well: footnoted, endnotes, and annotation.
A parenthetical citation is used when explaining or comparing aspects of the subject that do not require detailed analysis of the primary sources. For example, when discussing various methods of testing blood alcohol content (BAC), an editor might note that gas chromatography is a more accurate method but ethanol concentration tests remain useful for screening purposes (Miller et al., 2003, p. 890). When referencing a book that summarizes a topic extensively, the parenthetical citation allows you to refer back to that source while still providing information about the source being cited. In this case, "Miller et al." is short for "Miller, Page, and Roberts," the authors of the study discussed in the article.
Use proper grammar when citing sources. If you cite a sentence instead of a paragraph, then it's incorrect. Also, only include the title of books, articles, web pages, and other works if you are referring to a specific page.