Peer-reviewed scholarly papers or books created by scholars for researchers and students. Magazine articles, novels, and newspaper pieces from well-known newspapers are written for a wide readership by authors or journalists who examine credible sources and get them checked by an editor. The articles are then published along with the writer's name and photo if they exist.
Sources include people who have first-hand information about events; witnesses to those events; or others who can verify facts reported by such sources. Sources may include official documents (such as government records) or materials created by individuals or organizations which contain statements about events or people involved in them. Information may come from initial reports in the media or from subsequent investigations or studies conducted by other people. Sources include interviews with participants in or observers of an event or situation; reviews of evidence like police reports or documents; and comparisons with other information like photographs or films.
Allies are people or groups who help you achieve your goals. Enemies are people or groups who try to harm you physically or otherwise keep you from achieving your goals. Sources include people who say they know something about an event or issue whether it be good news or bad; experts on events or issues who give their opinion about them; and officials who act on behalf of organizations or countries.
A source is someone who gives you information about something that happens or someone who is involved in something happening.
Different sorts of sources
Innovative study, a substantial bibliography in Galileo's academic databases, and Google Scholar The Structure of a Scholarly Article.
Internet blogs are written by individuals who are not employed by universities or research institutions. They can be on any topic but most focus on politics or sports. Their opinions are their own and not that of their employers.
Journal articles are published in print and online versions. Only peer-reviewed papers are accepted for publication. These documents can be very long with only certain sections available to the public. In order to read these documents, you will need to purchase a subscription. Subscriptions can range from one year (for free websites) to unlimited access (for paid websites).
News stories report events that have recently taken place. They may describe what action was taken by leaders within their organizations or they may simply give a first person account of the event. News stories often include quotes from people involved in the incident being reported. These people are called sources and you should try to find multiple sources for each story. It is important to distinguish news reports from scientific studies or essays because they often use different sources of information.
Scholarly papers present new evidence or theories about a subject.
Scholarly sources (also known as academic, peer-reviewed, or refereed sources) are produced by specialists in a subject to keep those interested in that area up to speed on the most recent research, conclusions, and news. They include scientific journals, scholarly books, government reports, and online repositories such as National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Scholarly sources provide information about current research findings but they cannot give insight into how much weight to give to different types of evidence, such as experimental results vs observational studies.
Non-scholarly sources (also known as popular, anecdotal, or independent sources) are written by people who are not specialists in a subject, so they may not have the most up-to-date information. These include magazines, newspapers, blogs, and forums. Non-scholarly sources may present views that contradict each other or evidence from different sources.
In conclusion, scholarly sources are excellent tools for keeping up to date with current research findings. They can help you make informed decisions by providing evidence-based information.
Scholarly Articles and Journals: Characteristics
Peer-reviewed (refereed or scholarly) journals: Articles are authored by specialists and vetted by multiple other experts in the area before being published in the journal to assure the article's quality. (The paper has a better chance of being scientifically sound, reaching reasonable findings, and so on.) Peer review is a key component in the publication process for academic journals.
Books that have been reviewed by other scholars who know the topic well are also considered peer-reviewed. These reviewers check the book against established standards to make sure it's written clearly and accurately. They may also offer suggestions about changes that could be made to improve it. But just like with articles, the actual reviewing process does not guarantee that a book will be good - only that it will be held to a high standard.
News reports, blog posts, and other forms of media that are reviewed by other journalists or editors before they are published serve much the same purpose as books. They provide information about events that might not otherwise be known about or discussed by others. Again, however hard news organizations try to ensure the accuracy and credibility of their sources, they can't check all of them out personally. So they rely on others to do this for them by reviewing stories before they are published.
Non-peer-reviewed sources include a book or book chapter, a newspaper or magazine article, a website or blog post, a documentary film, or a document released by a government body. Books and articles published in books often include citations to support the arguments they make. So do websites. Movies can be useful tools for teaching science. Documentaries are usually not considered peer-reviewed literature, but rather "gray literature" that may offer an alternative way for scientists to get information on topics that aren't covered in academic journals.
Books and articles that have not been published in journals or magazines are called "unpublished works." They can be written by peers or people outside of academia who are interested in sharing their ideas with the world. Unpublished works are a valuable source of information on research activities and trends in your field of interest. They can also help you learn about opportunities available within the academia community. For example, professors and researchers at universities and institutions all over the world send manuscripts to be reviewed by editors at scientific journals. If your paper is accepted for publication, this means that other scientists regard it as being worthy of inclusion in a journal volume. If you are interested in submitting your work for review, check with your field's journals to see if they have any open submissions.
Unpublished works can also come from students or former students who are not yet working professionals.