The major works of Greek, Roman, and other comparable ancient civilizations are referred to as Classical Literature. Classical literature includes the works of Homer, Ovid, and Sophocles. The phrase does not only refer to novels; it may also refer to epics, lyric poetry, tragedy, comedy, pastorals, and other types of literature.
Homer's Iliad and Odyssey are considered two of the greatest poems in all of literature. They deal with events that happened around 700 BC in Greece. The Iliad tells the story of a war between Greece and Troy over Helen, who was married to Menelaus, the king of Sparta. After the death of Achilles, who was friend to both the Trojan prince Hector and the Greek hero Patroclus, these two great armies fight again in search of a new ruler for Troy. The Odyssey is about Odysseus, who was once king of Troy but was forced to leave after killing his enemy during the war. Now he is on his way home to Ithaca with the help of the gods. His adventures outside of Greece (including Calypso's island, where he spent seven years waiting to be allowed to return to his family) form part of the background to his journey home.
Ovid describes himself as a poet, an artist, and a lover. He was born in 43 BC and lived in Italy; most of what we know about him is based on writings he left behind.
The phrase isn't merely used in books. It can also refer to epic, lyric, tragedy, comedy, pastoral, and other types of writing. The study of these literature was previously thought to be a requirement for humanities students. But today many universities include other subjects in their list of requirements for a degree.
Homer's Iliad and Odyssey are considered the founding documents of western literature. They deal with themes such as war and peace, honor and shame, love and hate. These are some examples of classical literature.
• War and Peace: Tolstoy's 1869 novel is about a noble family in Russia who are swept up in the events leading up to and including the French invasion of Russia. • Honor and Shame: Aristotle's Poetics is one of the most important essays in the history of literature because it is one of the first attempts at analyzing fiction and non-fiction narrative. • Love and Hate: Catullus' poems are known for their honesty and directness. Many of them are still popular today because they show how people feel about love and hate. • Comedy and Tragedy: Aristophanes' plays are famous for being funny while also showing how people change after suffering loss or misfortune. Euripides' plays are known for their emotional intensity. They deal with issues such as fate and free will which weren't discussed in comedies.
The literature of ancient Greece and Rome is referred to as classical literature (see Greek literature and Latin literature). The word, which is frequently spelt "classical," is also used to refer to literature written in any language during a time distinguished by the excellence and enduring quality of its writers' works. Thus, the classics include novels, poems, plays, and treatises on many subjects from politics to science. They also include some of the most important documents in history: Herodotus's histories, Thucydides's accounts of the Peloponnesian War, and Livy's histories of Rome.
Classical culture was defined as "the best that has been thought and said about art and life." It includes artists such as Plato and Aristotle, philosophers such as Socrates and Epicurus, poets such as Homer and Virgil, and musicians such as Pythagoras and Aeschylus. It also includes great athletes such as Diomedes and Pindar, military leaders such as Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar, and scientists such as Democritus and Galen.
Classical culture began around 500 B.C. with the rise of five city-states in southern Italy known as the "city-states." These countries included Athens, Corinth, Elis, Sicyon, and Syracuse. Their cultural achievements are often called "classical" because they were considered the highest form of artistic and intellectual expression at that time.