Right Aligned: Also known as "right justified," this setting is formally known as "flush right." It aligns the beginning of each line of text at the document's right margin. The result is that each line of text appears on a separate page, with no space between them.
In most cases, you will want to use the flush right option. However, there are times when you may need to override this default behavior and force a paragraph to start on a new page. For example, if you want to start every paragraph with a horizontal rule, or if you want to insert a blank line before a section heading, you can do so by using the push button option and selecting the appropriate menu item.
Flush right is the default setting. To set this option, click the View tab and then select the Paragraph Group button. This displays the Paragraph Settings dialog box, where under the Options group, you will find the Flush Right option. Click the OK button to save these settings or the Cancel button to cancel out of the dialog without saving your changes.
Align Left: Also known as "left aligned," this setting causes paragraphs to begin at the left margin of the page.
Text alignment is classified into four types: left-aligned, right-aligned, centered, and justified. Left Aligned: This setting is also known as "left justified," however it is formally known as "flush left." When you create a new document, this is usually the default configuration. All white space between words is left alone; there is no indentation of any kind. Any paragraph that contains only blank lines will be left aligned.
Right Aligned: Also called "right justified." Like left alignment, but with any extra white space on the right side of the text removed. This setting gives a block of text an attractive appearance, but it can look messy if there is not enough negative space between words or phrases. If you insert a large amount of text into a document that is already set up with right alignment, then some of it will fall onto more than one line. The software keeps the rest of the text right aligned even though there is not enough space for it all in a single line.
Like left alignment, but with some white space inserted between the text and its container. This creates an environment where each word has exactly the same amount of space on both sides. It is easiest to understand if you imagine a box around the text with evenly spaced holes in it. As long as the total width of the box is equal to or less than the length of the text, then it is considered centered.
It causes text to the left of the box to wrap around to the next line if there's not enough room for it all in the current line. Right-Aligned: This setting causes text to the right of the box to wrap around to the next line if there's not enough room for it all in the current line. Centered: This setting centers text in the middle of the box - any more space to the right than to the left will cause it to start a new line. Justified: Also called "full-justified" or "blank-justified," this setting causes text to the end of the line to fill the entire width of the box unless it would go beyond that; then it stops early.
Left/right alignment is used when you want text on one page of a set-up book to align with text on another page of the same book. For example, if you are writing a letter to someone and you want the letter to be aligned on both pages, you would select left alignment for page one and right alignment for page two. These settings stay in place until you change them.
There are four possible alignments: Align to the left This is the paragraph alignment that is used by default. It places the left end of each paragraph line to the left page margin or indent. As a result, the left edge is straight while the right edge is ragged.
Align to the right This option is the same as the default setting except it puts the right end of each paragraph to the right page margin or indent. As a result, the right edge is straight while the left edge is ragged.
Center This option centers the text in the middle of the page widthwise and leaves a space on both sides for illustration or photos. If you insert an image here, it will be centered within the page.
Justify This option causes both ends of the paragraph to be justified with the next line of text beginning at the left margin or indent and continuing until the column is filled. Any remaining space after the last paragraph is also filled up.
You can change the default alignment for all paragraphs in Microsoft Word by clicking the Paragraph button on the Home tab. Then, under Default Paragraph Settings, select one of the available options.
The easiest way to keep track of which option you have chosen is to click the Definition icon next to "Paragraph" on the Formula Bar when Microsoft Word opens.