The first Bengali newspaper produced was "Samachar Darpan." It was a weekly Bengali newspaper. It was initially published on May 23, 1818, by the "Baptist Missionary Society" from the Baptist Mission Press in Srirampur, West Bengal. The editor and founder of this paper was Dr. John MacCulloch. This journal had a brief life because after three years it was merged with another newspaper called "Sambuddha."
After this short-lived publication, there was no other Bengali newspaper until today.
Now, many publications are available in Bangladesh in different languages including Bengali but they aren't considered as newspapers because they don't have the same role in our society that the English newspaper has. There are also magazines available in Bangladesh but they are mostly published in English or Hindi. There is only one Bengali magazine named "Bangla Desh." It covers issues related to politics, economy, culture, and sports of Bangladesh. This magazine was started in 1972 by Grameen Bank.
So, Sambuddha and Samachar Darpan were the first newspapers published in Bengali language. They lasted for only few years before being merged into another newspaper. After these papers, there was no other Bengali newspaper for more than 100 years until today.
Ganga Kishore Bhattacharya It is considered to be the first Indian-language newspaper, although some historians contend that the Bengali weekly Bengal Gazetti or Vangal Gazette, published by Ganga Kishore Bhattacharya, had begun publication earlier... Samachar Darpan.
|Circulation||c. 400 (in 1836)|
Darpan was the first Marathi biweekly newspaper, established on January 6, 1832, by Balshastri Jambhekar. It had a monthly circulation of about 2000 copies and is considered to be the first newspaper in India. The founder-editor was Narsinhrao Gaekwad who was also the chief minister of the state of Baroda at that time.
Later, another newspaper called Bharati was started by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. This newspaper was published from Nagpur from May 19, 1936 to November 16, 1939. In a short period of time, it became the most popular newspaper in Maharashtra. Around 300 employees worked for this newspaper. Out of these, only five were women. One of them was Dr. Babasaheb's wife Dr. Ramabai Ambedkar who wrote an article titled "Women's Rights Are Human Rights" for the first time in Indian history. She also edited one issue of the paper herself. The other four women employees were servants of the doctor's family.
Nowadays, there are many newspapers in Marathi including Darpan, Maharashtra Times, Saamana etc. But they don't claim to be the first newspaper in Marathi.
Some consider Agra Akhbar, published from Akbarabad in 1831, to be the first Urdu newspaper. Others support Maratul Akhbar, which was published in Calcutta in 1821. Yet others cite other newspapers that came later.
The first Indian-language newspaper was founded in Calcutta in 1835. It was called the Bengal Spectator and it was published by Thomas Cunningham. A second Indian language newspaper was started in Lahore in 1855. It was called the Punjab Times and it was published by Henry Lawrence.
These were the only two newspapers in India at the time. Later on, several other newspapers were started but they were in English.
Nowadays, there are many newspapers in Urdu that are published in Pakistan. But before the partition of India, there were no newspapers in Bengali or Hindi. Only papers published in English had coverage of South Asia.
After the partition of India in 1947, people started publishing newspapers in Bengali and Hindi. But since these languages are used in north India, where most newspapers were published in English, they didn't have much readership outside this region.
In the 1980s, journalists in Bangladesh started publishing their own newspapers. These newspapers covered news about all parts of Bangladesh, not just south Bengal!
English-language The first English-language newspaper published in the Indian subcontinent was Hicky's Bengal Gazette. In 1779, the Irishman James Augustus Hicky established it in Calcutta, the capital of British India at the time. The news stories on the first page are written in British English.
Now, let us look at the word "gazette" and its origin. It comes from the French word "gazette", which means "newsletter". The term was originally applied to a weekly publication containing news about wars, fights, executions, etc. Such a magazine was sent out by governments to inform their citizens about events that may require action. Thus, a government gazette is like an official newsletter that contains announcements about what is happening in the country and how people can be helped.
Hicky's paper was successful from the beginning because it contained more than just news about wars and fights. It also reported on business opportunities, new products, advances in science and technology, interesting happenings around Calcutta, and anything else that might interest its readers.
The paper had 16 pages in the first issue. They were printed on handmade paper produced from rice plants or wood pulp. The ink used for printing was made from coal tar. There were no typewriters back then, so editors had to type their articles by hand.
The Dacca News, the first English weekly newspaper, was produced and published in Dhaka in 1856. So, after nine years of the Rangpur press, it is thought that the first printing machine in Dhaka was created, and the press was dubbed "Bangla Press."
However, the credit for founding the nation's first newspaper goes to William John Cameron. He published the Daily News on British India's West Coast from 1853 to 1855. After leaving India, he founded a newspaper called The Bengal Observer in London, which was also successful for several years.
So, the first newspaper in independent Bangladesh was founded in 1856 by an Indian-British man named Cameron. It was called "Dacca News" and it ran for only three months before shutting down due to financial problems. After this failure, nobody else started a newspaper until 1905 when Sajjad Hossain started the daily "Banga Lahar".
In conclusion, we can say that Bangladesh has had many achievements in journalism, especially in publishing magazines and newspapers. But they all came too late to help the millions of people who have been hurt by poverty and violence at the hands of terrorists.
The Bengal Gazette of Hicky The first English-language newspaper published in the Indian subcontinent was Hicky's Bengal Gazette.
James Hicky was an Irishman working for the East India Company. He set up the paper from his house in Garden Street, near present-day Chowringhee. It had eight pages and included advertisements as well as news. The first issue came out on 10 August 1779. It was a success and within a few years there were two other newspapers being printed in Calcutta: the Indian Journal and the Calcutta Review. Hicky's Gazette became the official record of government decisions and events.
In the early days, not all Europeans living in Calcutta were allowed to publish papers. Only those who could prove that they earned their living outside of India were given permission by the government. This rule was soon changed and from then on anyone who wanted to print a newspaper could do so. There were several more successes in the publishing industry after Hicky's death in 1784, but by 1813 most of them had gone out of business due to high production costs. The first newspaper published in South Asia wasn't Hicky's Gazette but rather its Indian counterpart, the Hindoo Raja. It was started in Bombay by Henry Beckwith in 1808.