Relationship of all Furnemmen and Glorious Histories The Relation aller Furnemmen and gedenckwurdigen Historien was published by Johann Carolus (1575–1644). (Collection of all Distinguished and Commemorable News). The World Association of Newspapers, as well as many authors, regard the "Relation" as the world's first newspaper. However, since it was printed on rice paper and consisted mainly of long excerpts from other publications, it can be considered a collection rather than a news magazine or newspaper proper.
Carolus' goal was to preserve history by collecting and publishing articles about events that had taken place. He wanted to make sure that his readers would never miss out on anything important. So, he assembled information about people, events, and discoveries into short essays or "notices." These notices were then published periodically under different names until they ran out of things to report. Some reports were very short (for example "The Turks have attacked Poland") while others were longer (such as "England is building large ships").
The "Relation" was not published regularly; instead, it appeared when something important happened that needed recording for future generations. It included descriptions of battles, political upheavals, and other significant events. Although it was aimed at an audience in Germany, its content was not limited to that country. As well as reporting on German affairs, the "Relation" also covered stories about wars and politics in France, Switzerland, and other countries around Europe.
The Relation of Strasbourg, initially produced in 1609 by Johann Carolus, is the newsletter most commonly regarded as a definite newspaper. The Avisa Relation or Zeitung (Zeitung is the German term for "newspaper"), created the same year by Heinrich Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, is a close competitor. Both publications included notices of births, marriages, and deaths, as well as articles on current events.
Both journals were published monthly. They contained reports on royal appointments, military campaigns, and other news items of interest to their readers.
Strasbourg became popular with scholars who wanted to keep up with what was happening in the world while traveling for work or study. Wolfenbuttel was a local newspaper that reported on events occurring within its small territory, which at that time consisted of parts of present-day Germany, France, and Switzerland.
Today, these newspapers are considered historical artifacts because there are no survivors from either journal. However, copies of the Avisa Relation have been found through archival research using such methods as handwriting analysis and digital imaging.
The first daily newspaper was the London Daily Gazette, which began publication in 1732. The Philadelphia Evening Post and the New York Daily Advertiser were also early daily editions. In 1829, the morning edition of The Cincinnati Gleaner was started; this was the first daily newspaper printed only during the morning hours.
Relation was the name of the first printed weekly newspaper produced in Antwerp in 1605. When and where did the first newspaper appear? Acta Diurna was the first newspaper to be produced in Rome, perhaps about 59 BC. The Ephemeris and Calendar was first printed in 1472, but it may not have been published regularly until 1544.
Newspapers are publications that report recent news items or articles. Newspaper reporters obtain their information from sources such as radio, television, telephone, and people. Newspaper editors select which stories will be written up and which will be rejected. Some stories are so important that they become "stand-alone" articles instead of being included in a magazine or journal.
In Europe, the first newspapers were produced in Antwerp in 1605. In 1821, the world's first daily newspaper, The Daily News (now known as The New York Times), was published for $1,000 by Elisha Otis. In America, The Boston Gazette began publication in 1702 and is considered the first daily newspaper. The Philadelphia Inquirer, which started as a colonial newspaper, is also regarded as the first daily newspaper in America.
In Asia, Beijing Evening News was launched in 1876; this is now the oldest surviving newspaper in the world. In Africa, L'Union de Saint Louis was launched in 1825.
The German Erbauliche Monaths-Unterredungen (1663–68; "Edifying Monthly Discussions"), founded by Johann Rist, a Hamburg theologian and poet, appears to be the first magazine. It included articles on theology, history, science, and politics that were written by scholars who were also its editors.
The American Magazine, first published in 1721, was the first monthly magazine in the world. It was established by Benjamin Harris and continued under his son Samuel until it ceased publication in 1788. The American Magazine covered current events, politics, literature, arts, science, and technology — everything important happening in its time. It was an inspiration for many other magazines that followed in its footsteps.
Nowadays, magazines are used for entertainment as well as education. They feature stories, photos, cartoons, and interviews with famous people. Some magazines even have special issues designed to raise funds for certain causes. There are news magazines that cover current affairs, and hobby/interest magazines that help people learn new skills or follow their passions.
In America, several weekly newspapers became popular in the late 18th century. They covered local news around a town or city, but also included articles from far away places that might interest their readers. These papers were read all across the country, so authors could earn money through advertising or subscriptions.