Topic sentences aren't the first or final thing you write; they emerge gradually during the writing process. The first step is to ensure that you have a solid thesis statement. The thesis statement summarizes the paper's objective and argument. It should be written at the beginning of your essay to serve as a guide for everything that follows.
With your thesis statement in mind, start planning the body of your essay by thinking about what information will support or refute it. What examples can you give to prove or disprove your claim? What facts or details can you include that will help readers understand the subject better? You may want to use subheadings to organize these elements into different topics. For example, one topic could be "Types of Evidence," with subheads such as "Primary Sources" and "External Sources."
Once you have an idea of how you want to structure your essay, begin writing. As you develop your ideas into paragraphs, think about how they relate back to your main point. Does one paragraph build upon the previous one? If so, use transitional words like "therefore," "hence," or "so." If not, combine them into one continuous paragraph. Avoid splitting up one long sentence into multiple paragraphs; this only makes understanding the essay more difficult for the reader.
Follow these procedures to ensure that every topic phrase and paragraph advances your thesis.
Creating powerful, topical statements
Creating powerful, topical statements
A subject sentence should highlight the primary concept of a paragraph, letting the reader know what to expect from the paragraph. The topic sentence must convey a concept that will unite the rest of the paragraph while also tying it back to the paper's primary point. A good topic sentence should make an assertion about the content of the paragraph while still being clear enough to be understood by readers who are not familiar with the field it is describing.
There are three basic types of sentences: subjects, objects, and complements. In general, subjects are the words that describe or explain something else. Objects are things that are described or explained by other words. Complements are words or phrases that provide additional information about a subject or object. For example, in "The apple is red," the word "apple" is the subject sentence because it describes something else within the context of the text - in this case, several different kinds of fruits.
Topic sentences are typically formed from basic assertions. However, it is critical to edit them as you write to ensure that they correspond to the substance of each paragraph. A good subject sentence is detailed enough to provide a clear idea of what to expect from the paragraph, yet generic enough not to reveal everything. For example, "The park had an atmosphere of peace and tranquility" is a suitable subject sentence for a paragraph describing a scene in the park at sunset. The next sentence could be expanded to discuss other elements in the scene, such as the sound of children's laughter or the smell of barbecue.
When drafting an article, it is important to keep in mind how it will be read by our audience. If you write simply to get a reaction out of yourself, or if you try to impress people with your knowledge, then you are going about it wrong. Our readers want information from us, not entertainment or insight into our personal opinions. They also need clarity in their understanding of what we are trying to convey. If you cannot explain something clearly, then you should not include it in your article!
Start every article with a strong topic sentence. This gives the reader a clear idea of where the article is going and what will be discussed throughout its length. Avoid introducing topics mid-sentence; this makes your piece harder to follow and may even seem like you are trying to be mysterious instead of informative.
A subject sentence serves numerous key functions in a paragraph. A good topic sentence should make readers want to read the rest of the essay.
When writing an essay, it is important to identify a main idea and then support it with relevant examples or facts. A good topic sentence should reveal the main idea of the paragraph without being explicit, allowing the writer to include other concepts in the sentence that relate back to the paper as a whole. For example, a paragraph about environmental issues may begin with the sentence "The destruction of environmentally friendly practices has negative effects for people and the planet." Although this sentence tells readers that the writer is discussing environmental issues, it also implies that there are other reasons why destroying environmentally friendly practices is bad. By including this additional information in the same sentence, the writer shows readers that he or she understands that both human beings and the environment benefit when practices are not destroyed. This understanding is evident in how the writer uses language to connect the issue of environmental protection with other topics in the essay.
Another important function of a good topic sentence is to let the reader know where the paragraph is going. Sometimes writers start paragraphs with sentences that don't really go anywhere.