A poem's rhyme pattern is written using the letters a, b, c, d, and so on. An apostrophe is used to indicate the first pair of lines that rhyme at the conclusion. The second set is denoted by a b. As a result, in a poem with the rhyme scheme abab, the first line rhymes with the third line and the second line rhymes with the fourth line.
Rhyming words or phrases are important in poetry because they help create a sense of unity and balance between the lines of the poem. Some lines may be shorter or longer than others, but they all share a common theme or idea expressed through metaphor. Rhyming words can also help readers recall the poem's content more easily. Finally, rhyming words serve as an indicator of where one line ends and the next begins.
In general, any word or phrase that reads well when read aloud will do. This includes proper names, popular terms, and even words from other languages if they have a clear pronunciation guide such as English or French. Avoid using colloquial language, scientific jargon, or slang words. If you do choose to use some words that aren't considered standard, such as obsolete or foreign languages, make sure that they relate to the subject matter of the poem. For example, if your poem is about trees, then an appropriate usage for an obsolete word might be to describe a particularly large tree found near an old mansion.
A rhyme scheme is a poet's purposeful arrangement of lines in a poem or stanza that rhyme with other lines. The rhyming scheme, or pattern, may be detected by assigning the same letter to end words that rhyme with each other. Take, for example, Jane Taylor's 1806 poem "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star." This poem uses a ABBA pattern: two lines end with A sounds (twinkle...star), two lines end with B sounds (little...eyes), and so on.
This poem has four lines that rhyme with each other: twinkle/star, little/eyes, white/black, and new/old. These lines are called couplets. Each pair of lines in a poem forms a couplet. Note that not only do these four lines rhyme with each other, but they also follow the same pattern of sound (syllable length) as the first line of the couplet: short/long, short/long. This is important because it gives the reader or listener comfort when reading or listening to the poem, respectively. For example, consider the following two lines from "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star":
The star light was dim but true; It shone upon a black amonthual.
Here, the syllables in the word "amonthual" combine to form an eight-syllable word that follows this pattern: short/short/long/long/long/long/long.
A rhyme scheme is a sound pattern that repeats at the conclusion of a line or stanza. Rhyme patterns can alter from line to line, stanza to stanza, or throughout a poem. Letters from the alphabet are used to encode the patterns. Lines of the same letter rhyme with one another. Letters that are not used as part of any rhyme scheme will end lines with full stops (periods).
Rhyme schemes can be classified according to which letters they include: open, closed, mixed, irregular.
Open and closed schemes are the most common. In an open scheme each line ends with the same letter as the first line of the poem. For example, "Ode to Autumn" uses an open A-B-A structure where each subsequent stanza begins with the same letter as the previous one. "Closed" schemes have a final line that ends with the same letter as the first line of the poem. "Ode to Autumn" uses a closed AA structure where each stanza ends with the same letter as the first one.
Mixed schemes use elements of both open and closed schemes. "Ode to Autumn" uses a mixed AB structure where the last line ends with the same letter as the first line but not all lines end with the same letter as the next one.
While certain rhyming words can be found in the midst of a line, rhyme scheme refers to rhymes found towards the conclusion of lines. The typical rhyme scheme for a poem is abab cdcd efef gggh iiii. This means that every other line ends with an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one. Many poets choose to use alliteration or assonance instead of rhymes, but still follow this pattern.
Rhyme is used in poetry to create unity between the lines of a verse paragraph or page. Rhyme can also help readers remember the poem by using alliteration or assonance. For example, if the poet writes "stars shine" and "suns rise" on each line of the poem, this would be considered rhyme because similar sounding words are being repeated. These poems would be difficult to memorize because there is no meaning associated with each word other than their sound. Alliteration and assonance can be used instead such as "starlight dancing on the waves" or "morning sunrises over fields of grain". These poems would be easier to remember because they have meaning related to what is being described in the poem.
Some poets may choose to use rhyme as their only form of repetition.
When seeking for a certain rhyme pattern in a poem, look at the lines' endings. The last line of a poem often contains the same ending: -ed or -ing.
Rhyming words tend to occur near each other in a poem. So by looking at which words end up next to each other on the page, you can guess what kind of relationship they have.
An example from John Milton's "Paradise Lost": "From Man's first disobedience / And the resulting curse, death," (KJV)
When reading this poem into your microphone, say the first and last lines simultaneously. You will notice that the two lines don't sound like one sentence, but rather two separate sentences joined together with a comma. This shows that these two words are separated by a comma, which is used to indicate a pause in speech.
The next pair of words you read may be part of the same idea or concept as the previous ones. In this case, repeat the action described in the first word with the second word. So if the first word is "disobedience", then the second word should also begin with the letter "d".