After relocating to New York, Hearst purchased the New York Journal and engaged in a vicious circulation battle with Joseph Pulitzer's New York World. The two newspapers waged war against each other for years before Hearst gave up his attempt to compete with Pulitzer's price-cutting strategy.
He turned his attention to news instead, buying major newspapers across America. In 1961, he launched another paper, this time in San Francisco called the Bay Guardian which was successful despite being competitive with another local paper called the Chronicle. In 1970, he merged the Bay Guardian with another California paper, the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, and kept the combined company in San Francisco. He sold the New York Journal to Rupert Murdoch in 1971.
Hearst died in March 1951, having owned several large newspapers at their peak of popularity. But his death also led to the downfall of many small papers as they could no longer survive in today's market environment.
The New York Journal is published daily and reaches nearly one million readers across the United States and in Canada. It is known for its strong editorial stance and aggressive journalism style. The paper is also famous for its extensive coverage of crime and corruption within New York City politics.
Men like William Randolph Hearst, owner of The New York Journal, engaged in a circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer, owner of the New York World, and saw the rivalry as a method to sell papers. Many publications published sensationalist pieces and dispatched journalists to Cuba to cover the fight. This created a frenzy among readers who wanted to see which paper would come out on top.
Hearst acquired The New York Journal-American in 1895 and quickly turned it into one of the most popular newspapers in America. He used newsworthy events to attract readers' attention and hired talented writers such as Mark Sullivan who wrote about sports leagues and players before they became popular. Sullivan also traveled with boxing teams across America allowing him to report on what was happening in other cities and towns while boxing matches were being held. This made The New York Journal-American unique at the time because most newspapers at that time only reported on events that had taken place in their own city or town.
Hearst used his power as publisher of a major American newspaper to influence political leaders and shape public opinion in favor of the government's role in Cuba's economy. He sent reporters to Cuba to write about the war and they returned with stories that attracted large audiences of readers who wanted to know more about what was going on over there. These stories also helped make The New York Journal-American sound more important and credible than its rival paper which was known for printing false information.
In New York, one of two newspaper proprietors competed to gain more readers and sell more copies than the other. These were the New York World's Joseph Pulitzer and the New York Journal's William Randolph Hearst. The most crucial period of this conflict occurred between 1895 and 1898. During these years, both publishers greatly increased the size of their newspapers and hired many new reporters.
This competition led to a rapid increase in the quality of journalism during this time, as well as more sensational reporting. For example, both papers published extensive coverage of the O.J. Simpson murder trial. They also printed articles on Charlie Manson's cult known as the Manson Family; the Watergate scandal; and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
After winning several battles with Pulitzer, Hearst decided to team up with him instead. This alliance lasted from 1899 to 1900. In that year, they merged their operations into one large paper called the New York Journal-American. After this merger, the papers maintained separate editors until 1903, when they again became part of one paper called the New York Journal. Hearst shut down the Journal in 1962. He sold the remaining assets of the paper in 1971 to Irving Trust Company for $10 million. Today, the New York Times is the only surviving publication from this first merger.
Pulitzer died in 1913.
New York City (Journal-American)
|New York Journal American headlining the 1942 Stalingrad Battle during World war II|
|Owner(s)||William Randolph Hearst (1895–1951) William Randolph Hearst Jr. (1951–1966)|
The New York Journal-American was a significant New York City broadsheet for decades, with a legacy dating back to the late nineteenth century and a broad reputation as one of the early pillars of...
Its first issue came out on June 3, 1933. It was founded by American journalists Charles L. Barth (editor) and Harry Hansen (manager), who had been fired by their employer, the New York Daily News, after they refused to fire a journalist who had been convicted of manslaughter. They established their own tabloid-size newspaper aimed at readers who wanted "more entertainment for their money". Within two years, it became the largest selling daily in New York City.
The paper was an immediate success, winning over many former Daily News readers with its more sensationalist reporting and offering some of the first celebrity interviews in print. Among the famous people interviewed by Barth and Hansen were Winston Churchill, Frank Sinatra, Charlie Chaplin, and Elia Kazan. The paper also broke several major stories, including revelations that Chicago gangsters Al Capone and Joe Adonis were being considered for the position of police commissioner by Mayor William Daley.