Sophocles, together with Aeschylus and Euripides, was one of classical Athens' three great tragic playwrights (born c. 496 bce at Colonus, near Athens [Greece]—died 406, Athens). Oedipus the King is the most well-known of his 123 plays. He is also considered one of the founders of modern drama.
Sophocles was the most popular of the three because he produced more successes than the others. Aeschylus and Euripides both had many failures too; Aeschylus even once said that his tragedies were not written to be performed on stage! However, it may have been their refusal to back down that made them so famous.
It's hard to say which of the three was the best because they all had different styles but Oedipus the King is thought to be Sophocles' greatest work and therefore we should probably call it a success. It's interesting to note that although Sophocles wrote over 100 plays, only three of them are still performed today.
Sophocles used music to help tell his stories which is why musicians today try to copy his techniques when writing songs.
Also worth mentioning is that all three writers took part in debates called "agon" where two people would argue each side of an issue before a panel of judges who would then decide which person had the better argument and thus win the competition.
Sophocles was a playwright and the second greatest Greek tragedy writer after Sophocles (with Aeschylus and Euripides). His work includes more than ten plays now preserved only in fragments. He also wrote two satires, one called The Women of Trachis ("Trachinian Women") and the other called The Girl from Andros ("Andrian Maid"). These were written for his own amusement as well as that of his friends.
In addition to being a poet and playwright, Sophocles was also a politician who served as mayor of Syracuse several times. He was born in 756 BC or 755 BC at Colonus, Athens, and he died in 468 or 467 BC at the age of 85. He is considered the most important Greek tragedian before Aeschylus.
His father was Neocleous, a wealthy citizen of Syracuse, and his mother was Antiauthority, from an old Eurypontid family that had fallen on hard times. His older brother was named Alcaeus, and it is possible that he too became a poet like their father.
Aristotle liked Sophocles (especially his Oedipus the King) for writing strong tales involving significant individuals. Many people agree with Aristotle and believe Sophocles to be the finest Greek dramatist. Sophocles wrote a total of 123 plays, only seven of which have survived. He wrote in five acts with a typical length of about 100 lines per act.
Sophocles was born in the city-state of Syracuse on July 7th or August 1st (according to some sources), 495 B.C. He belonged to one of the most important families of Syracuse and was probably educated at its Academy, which is where he might have learned to write plays from professional writers. It is also possible that he attended the annual festival called the City Dionysia, where new tragedies by other poets were presented along with old ones. In 496 B.C. he was elected to the position of poet laureate (tyrant's slave) for four years. His duties as poet laureate included organizing the Festival of Athena Nike and composing speeches for the king. It was while holding this post that he probably wrote many of his great plays, including Antigone, Oedipus the King, and Ajax. Sophocles died in 495 B.C. at the age of 70.
It is said that Euripides wrote around 30 plays but only nine of them have survived.
Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides were the three most prominent playwrights of ancient Greece. Although these tragedians created hundreds of plays, just a few dozen survive. Agamemnon, Antigone, and Oedipus the King are among their most lasting tragedies.
These men were not only influential poets but also political activists who fought for their views on how society should be run. They were also very wealthy since they wrote and performed original works that were often quite expensive to produce. Finally, they were all over 30 when Greece's most famous civil war broke out; this means that they were old enough to know what was going on and not happy about it.
Aeschylus was born in 525 B.C. and lived until 456 B.C. He was from Athens but did not belong to any of its major families. His father was a priest who died when Aeschylus was still young so he was brought up by his uncle after the death of his mother. This is why he started writing early in life since there was no one responsible for teaching him how to do it properly.
His first play was produced in 472 B.C. and was called The Persians. It was an adaptation of a story from the Iliad but with characters and events that had never before been put on stage.
Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides were the three great tragedy playwrights. The ancient Greeks believed that poets should also be musicians and artists. They also believed that gods had a role in human affairs so they wrote their own stories about them. These stories were called myths.
The drama was performed by young men dressed in costumes. There were no women actors in the theater when these plays were written. However, some modern companies do include some female roles within their productions.
The Greek theater did not have a curtain or a door behind which actors could change costumes or locations. Instead, characters in scenes were portrayed differently clothes: warriors might wear armor, kings might wear robes. The audience knew who was speaking because each character had a part of his or her body used for speech: the eyes for anger, the hands for action, the heart for love.
Because these plays told real stories about real people, including the gods, they are considered historical documents as well as artistic creations. This means that we can learn about history from them. We can also learn about morality, politics, and society because they showed how people reacted to issues before, during, and after the time period in which the play is set.
Three of the most well-known Athenian tragic poets are Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides.
Aeschylus was born in 525 B.C. and was already an accomplished poet by 456 B.C., when he staged his first play. He died in 456 B.C. at a very young age, probably through poisoning by the Athenians who opposed his political views. Sophocles was born around 568 B.C. and lived until 405 B.C. When he was 80 years old he wrote a poem called "Antigone" in which he argued for the moral rightness of burying one's own brother after he had been killed in battle. This made him so unpopular that Athens banned all further performances of his plays. Euripides was born around 485 B.C. and lived until 406 B.C. He too was hated by the people of Athens for his political views, but this time because he was seen as too conservative. In fact, he was considered to be too liberal by most other Greeks as well. However, even though he was exiled from Athens several times, he kept writing dramas until his death in 406 B.C.