There are significant distinctions in structure (how they are written out), but the most crucial distinction is one of purpose: a report is intended to enlighten the reader and offer suggestions, whereas an essay is an intellectual exercise. A report is organized into sections and segments with headers. It should be easy to read and concise. An essay is more extensive and may have multiple sections. It should be accurate and well reasoned.
Both reports and essays require research; however, reports are usually less in-depth than essays. In fact, some scholars argue that reports are not appropriate tools for research because they cannot stand alone without further investigation. However, reports can help inform the writing process for future essays or even give writers ideas for new essays. All in all, reports are helpful tools for journalists who want to provide their readers with information about a subject quickly and effectively.
Distinctions between reports and essays
|A report usually contains tables, charts and diagrams.||Essays don’t usually include tables, charts, or diagrams.|
|Reports usually include descriptions of the methods used.||Essays don’t usually refer to the methods you used to arrive at your conclusions.|
A report, as opposed to an essay, which seeks to argue a writer's point of view on a topic and is not required to have headers, examines a topic in a systematic, easy-to-follow manner. Sections of reports are separated into headings and subheadings. Each section should be related to the next, and the whole report should conclude with a summary statement indicating the main points raised in the paper.
Reports can be written for many purposes. They are useful when you want to give the reader information about a particular event or period in history. You may also write a report on a subject that is currently happening or has happened recently. There are several types of reports: descriptive, argumentative, analytical, and critical.
Descriptive reports are written to give readers an overall understanding of a topic. They include maps, graphs, and lists. The more detailed your description, the better able you will be to communicate important facts or concepts. A good example of a descriptive report is an atlas. You can use statistics to describe populations, locations, events, or other subjects. Argumentative reports try to prove or disprove a specific claim. They often begin with a question that prompts the reader to think about the issue involved. For example, you could begin an argumentative report on immigration into America by asking if it would be better for our country if we allowed all immigrants to come here.
A report's objective is to transmit precise facts to the reader in order to supply them with information. The goal of an essay is to demonstrate how well you understand the question and can respond to it. A conclusion will be included in an essay, however recommendations are uncommon. This essay differs because it contains conclusions that were not apparent from just reading the passage itself.
Reports often contain detailed tables or charts to help explain important concepts. Essays usually require researchers to use their imagination to come up with their own examples. However, it is acceptable to refer to real-life events when explaining a concept or comparing it to another one; for example, "Americans tend to view marriage as a relationship between two people rather than as a business arrangement." Or, "In China, it is common for parents to leave their children a portion of their estate when they die."
Reports are written according to a formula based on what type of document it is. Essays are written according to a set structure that includes a headline, a summary, an introduction, and a body. These are only basic guidelines though; many reports and essays follow different formulas. For example, the report may not have a body or a main idea may not be summarized at the end.
Reports are written so that others can read them easily. Essays are written so that the writer can express themselves clearly and effectively about a specific topic.