Academic papers, book reports, encyclopedias, and memoirs are all examples of non-fiction works. All of the alternatives in the question are examples of nonfiction works. A shopping list, an encyclopedia entry, and a movie schedule are all expected to provide accurate information. Incorrect or outdated information may be found by reading old newspaper articles or books.
Because nonfiction books are founded on facts, they encompass anything that is not fiction. This implies that nonfiction materials come in a variety of shapes and sizes, including recipes, instruction manuals, academic books, newspaper stories, advertising, blogs, and encyclopedia entries.
Newspaper and magazine articles, brochures, and advertising are examples of non-literary writing. They're brief and to-the-point, with facts and statistics and little metaphorical language. Newspaper articles are usually between 500 and 1,000 words; magazine articles are often shorter but may be as long as 3,000 words. Brochures are usually about 50 pages long and include a cover page and title page plus a body containing text and artwork.
News reports on current events are also non-literary texts. They too are usually about 500 words long and include a headline, a summary of the story, and a photo or photos. News reports provide information about what has happened recently or may happen in the future. They are usually not written like novels or poems; rather, they are presented in an objective style with simple language. For example, a news report might state that "John Smith was arrested for murder last night" instead of saying that "John Smith felt terrible about what he had done so he wrote a poem about it this morning before going to work."
Legal documents such as contracts, wills, and bills of sale are also non-literary texts. They can be as short as one page but sometimes have many more than twenty-five lines.
Nonfiction texts include the following:
Nonfiction texts are founded on facts. It is really any nonfiction text (a made-up story or poetry). Nonfiction writings exist in a wide range of formats. Some are long, detailed reports that include footnotes to support their claims while others are brief articles that include only the basic information needed to back up their opinions.
Nonfiction texts can be divided up into three broad categories: biographies, histories, and essays/critiques. Biographies are written accounts of real people's lives. Histories cover the major events that have happened over time (including wars and other conflicts), whereas essay/criticism works examine different subjects within a subject area. All nonfiction texts require research to prove their facts correct before they can be published. This research may come in the form of checking sources such as books, journals, and newspapers.
Biographers need to do more than simply report what someone says about themselves. They also need to find out more about their subject by talking to people who know them, looking at old photos, and reading their obituary if they die. Using these resources, the biographer can build an accurate picture of their subject's life.
History teachers often use nonfiction texts to introduce students to various topics in history.
A table of contents, headers, captions, diagrams, charts, graphs, a glossary, and an index are all hallmarks of a non-fiction literature. Furthermore, nonfiction themes are genuine, rather being imagined or made up, as fiction subjects are. Science books often focus on facts or theories that can be proved or not using scientific methods, while history books discuss real people at real times in the past.
Non-fiction writers must do more than simply report what they have read and observed; they also need to interpret these materials, explain how things work, and propose solutions for problems raised by the evidence. Thus, non-fiction writing requires critical thinking and analysis skills that are essential for students to become effective readers and thinkers.
Non-fiction books are usually longer than their fictional counterparts. This is because authors have the opportunity to explore different topics within reasonable limits. In addition, academic journals publish articles only about recent developments in a subject; older works are generally history books or books about science. Finally, non-fiction books tend to use many illustrations - sometimes as many as 100 - since words alone cannot fully express ideas that need to be further understood.
Non-fiction reading should follow the same rules as non-fiction writing. That is, readers should identify the main idea of each article, chapter, or section, and then search for information that supports or contradicts it.