OWN. Which of the following is still a major African American publication? The Defender of Chicago, The Illinois Freeman, The Pittsburgh Courier.
ALL-NEWS. All news newspapers publish news from all parts of the world, including international news. They often have extensive sports sections and often offer online access to their articles for free. They may focus on local affairs or be general in scope. Some all-news papers are broadsheets printed once a week that cover news from many regions. Others are tabloid-size publications published several times a day covering regional news.
BLACK BUSINESS NEWS. Newspapers that focus exclusively on business news for African Americans. They are found primarily in urban centers across the country. Among them are The Black Economist, which covers economic issues affecting blacks; and The Black Star, which focuses on black-owned businesses.
BLACK PRESS. A term used to describe newspapers that are majority black ownership groups or based in cities where most people live without a white publisher. These newspapers often cover local news but also report on national and international events. Publishes weekly, daily, or even multiple times a day.
THE BOSTON GLOBE. An all-news channel available on cable TV in some markets.
Stories from the Afro-American (Baltimore/Washington, D.C.), Chicago Defender, Los Angeles Sentinel, Michigan Chronicle (Detroit), and New York Amsterdam News, among others. Full text of this nationally prominent African American newspaper from 1910 through 1975, including display and classified advertising.
During the early and mid-twentieth centuries, the Chicago Defender was the most significant African American newspaper. The Defender, a Chicago-based newspaper with a national editorial viewpoint, was a key player in the widespread Great Migration of African Americans from the South to the North. Robert S. founded the company in 1905. By 1920, it had become one of the largest black-owned newspapers in the United States.
The Chicago Defender covered social issues affecting blacks at home and abroad. It advocated for equal rights for blacks in housing, employment, and public accommodation. The paper also promoted education opportunities for blacks; thus, it was often critical of racial discrimination in schools. Finally, the Defender urged blacks to vote; thus, it was often critical of black leaders who did not support this cause.
In its editorial stance, the Defender was unique among black newspapers of its time. Other papers such as the Baltimore Afro-American and the New York Age took a more moderate approach to politics and race relations. While these other newspapers covered political events in their headlines, they did not take a position on many issues because they wanted to remain objective and avoid controversy. The Defender, on the other hand, published editorials by each of its editors, which made it difficult for them to write about certain topics without explicitly taking a side. This distinction makes the Defender unique among twentieth-century black newspapers.
Additionally, the Defender was one of the first black newspapers to employ professional journalists.
-100 dark-colored newspapers printed and published in the United States. The first known black newspaper was established in 1827 in New York City. It was called the African American Journal and began as a six-page monthly publication that reported on news relevant to blacks in the United States at that time.
Black newspapers have played an important role in the history of America by providing a voice for African Americans who were not allowed to speak in other media at that time. Additionally, they often cover social issues relevant to blacks that go unreported by white media at that time.
Today, only eight black newspapers are still published in the United States. Out of these, seven are weekly papers and one is daily. No black newspaper has ever failed during its entire existence.
Each year, thousands of people across the United States celebrate Black History Month by reading or viewing something related to African Americans. This activity is called "reading aloud" or "viewing together". People usually read articles from books written by African Americans or view movies about their lives.
Reading Aloud occurs during the last week of February each year.
Philadelphia Tribune. The Philadelphia Tribune is the nation's oldest continually published newspaper representing the African-American experience, with a long history of development and advocacy that closely matches the nation's civil rights accomplishments. It was founded by Thomas Franklin Jr., who bought an advertisement in August 1836 to promote the sale of his book, An Account of the Life of Frederick Douglass. The paper began publication on October 2, 1835.
A decade later, in 1845, the paper changed its name to the Pennsylvania Freeman after passage of the Emancipation Proclamation by President James Madison. In 1847, the paper switched back to the Philadelphia Tribune when it resumed publication under that name. In 1951, the paper changed its name for the last time to the Black Panther to more accurately reflect its political stance. Today, the Black Panther reports on local news, features articles on issues affecting blacks across the country, and publishes special editions for many events relating to black culture.
The paper has had several owners over the years, but has been operated by the Hecht family since 1970. The Tribunes current circulation is approximately 30,000 copies printed daily and distributed primarily in Philadelphia's western suburbs including Pennsylvannia, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland.
As the first black editor and owner of a major daily newspaper, Robert C. Maynard paved the way for many other black journalists. He and his wife, journalist Nancy Hicks Maynard, co-founded and operated the Oakland Tribune newspaper. They were also active members of the civil rights movement. Mrs. Maynard died in 1991 at the age of 68; Mr. Maynard died two years later at the age of 70.
Robert C. Maynard was born on January 11, 1918 in Birmingham, Alabama. He graduated from Howard University with a bachelor's degree in journalism in 1940. The same year he started working as an editorial writer for the Chicago Defender, one of the largest African American newspapers at that time. In 1941, he became managing editor of that paper. Two years later, he moved to Oakland where he established himself as one of the leading black journalists of his time. He owned and edited the Oakland Tribune from 1961 to 1970 when he sold it to raise money for other projects. During that period, the paper had a circulation of more than 100,000 copies every day.
After leaving the paper, Mr. Maynard worked as a news analyst for NBC News from 1971 to 1975. Then he went back to school and got his master's degree in mass communications from Columbia University in New York City. Later on, he taught journalism at several universities including Stanford, California State University at Fresno and San Francisco State.