A excellent summary should provide a logical framework of the entire piece of writing. It should provide basic answers to fundamental issues concerning the original text, such as "Who did what, where, and when?" or "What is the text's core idea?", "What are the key supporting points?", and "What are the significant pieces of evidence?" A good summary also may include your own personal opinion about the text, but only if it is clear that you are not representing the views of the institution who issued the document.
In addition to being informative, a summary should be concise. It should not repeat information contained in the original text, except where necessary for clarity. An effective summary will catch the reader's attention and make him or her want to continue reading the original text.
Finally, a summary should be relevant to other people. It should not be written solely with the author in mind. Instead, it should attempt to capture the main ideas while still making sense out of context. For example, if there was a major earthquake in San Francisco and your colleague was able to save the lives of several people by pulling them out of the building before it collapsed, you would not want him or her to write a summary statement about how his or her office was on the 15th floor of the Sierra Towers so everyone knew how to get out in case of an emergency.
In conclusion, a summary is a brief overview or abstract of a piece of writing.
A summary must be thorough. You should make a list of all of the essential points in the original paragraph. Examine all of the concepts on your list, and include in your summary just those that are essential to the author's development of her/his thesis or major idea. Avoid summarizing in detail any passages that aren't essential to do so would be duplicating content.
A summary should be accurate. As you summarize the text, try to keep in mind what questions might possibly be asked by readers who may not know the entire story. Would they understand my summary if I omitted certain details that aren't crucial to the main ideas?
A summary can be written for several purposes. You may want to highlight important themes in the text; suggest ways to apply these ideas to one's own life; or simply provide a brief overview of the text's contents. The key is that you use proper grammar and effective language to accurately convey the important information in the source text.
Remember that producing a summary necessitates familiarity with the material, which can only be achieved by multiple readings. Using brief phrases, identify and formulate the major themes. Creating lengthier phrases by rephrasing the core themes helps to explain the content more effectively.
The goal of a summary is to provide readers with an overview of the topic covered in your essay. The best summaries are clear and concise; they avoid unnecessary detail and repetition. Although you will want to include relevant information for your argument, a good summary should be readable even if the reader has no background knowledge of the subject matter.
When writing a summary, it is important to be accurate but not boring. Readers do not have the time or attention span to read through lengthy essays or articles. A summary should be short and simple to understand so that readers can get the main ideas without having to read the entire piece.