"By convention, commas and periods that directly follow quotes belong within the closing quotation marks," according to the MLA Handbook (88). Thus, the comma is put after taught in the following sentence: "You've had to be thoroughly taught," wrote Oscar Hammerstein II.
When a comma or period is required after a quotation, the punctuation mark is usually placed before the closing quotation mark in the United States. This practice exists to improve the look of the text. Without this punctuation, it would appear that there are two quotations ends.
In Britain, however, where single and double quotes are used interchangeably, a period does not follow a quoted phrase or word. Instead, a bracketed note is used: "[...]" or "(...)".
This rule applies to written material, but not always in speech. In speech, periods are often omitted after quoted words or phrases unless they are part of a formal address or declaration ("Mr. Johnson said...").
Furthermore, when quoting from another source, including another article by you, include the reference. It should look like this: "Johnson said we need to be aware of the dangers..."
Finally, when in doubt as to whether or not to use a comma or period, ask yourself these three questions: Is this information relevant to the topic at hand? Does it clarify something for the reader? Would I want to read this sentence without the punctuation? If you can answer yes to both questions, then you should include it.
Within the closing quote marks, commas and periods are always placed. Unless they are part of a direct quote, semicolons and colons are always put outside the closing quotation marks.
Put a period after the final word of the phrase, followed by the parenthesis, at the conclusion of the quote. ** Take note that the sentence's punctuation comes after the parentheses. For further information, please see the library's reserve handbook: MLA Manual or AP Style Guide.
There are just two punctuation marks used to start quotations: the comma (,) and the colon (:). (:). It is important to note that quotes are not introduced with a semicolon (;).
The use of commas and periods to introduce quotations is very common in journalism and academic writing. However, these symbols are often misunderstood. Commas are used to separate words or phrases within the quotation that would otherwise be considered one sentence. A period ends the quoted sentence.
Thus, a comma-period pair acts as a sentence separator inside the quotation. When quoting more than one sentence, a semi-colon should be used instead. The quotation mark itself does not act as a sentence separator.
In journalism and academic writing, including books, articles, and reviews, quotations are often attributed to people in order to highlight an idea or concept presented in those statements. Attributing quotes allows readers to connect ideas between sentences and also gives credit to the source. This is especially important when using many sources for a paper or article. Using quotation marks when quoting others ensures that their voice is heard alongside your own.
People tend to think of quotations as single words or short phrases. However, quotations can be as long as necessary to express an idea or concept.
The use of quotation marks and surrounding punctuation Even if they aren't part of the original quotation, commas and periods that are part of the overall phrase belong within the quotation marks. All markings other than commas and periods are inserted outside the quote marks unless they are part of the original quotation. For example: "I like apples," she said.
(Rule 4): After a quotation, you can only use a comma (not a colon). When introducing the quotation, there is just a comma or a colon to choose from. After a quote, only a comma can be used. This rule applies to written as well as oral quotations.
A direct quotation is a segment of text that has been taken out of its original context and placed in its own sentence. A quotation can be introduced by a capital letter or a question mark, but cannot be interrupted by a comma or a colon. Therefore, a period is the only option after a direct quotation.
Direct quotations are used to highlight a specific word or phrase in a sentence and to describe something about the sentence as a whole. They are also useful when giving an exact quote from someone important to the story.
Examples of direct quotations: "The days are getting shorter; the nights are getting longer." — Albert Einstein
"People who want to take advantage of others will always find some way to do so." — Abraham Lincoln
"You never know how much you've learned until you're forced to forget it." — Albert Einstein
Quotations can be difficult to understand because they're not linked to their source.