Essay Components—- Traditionally, a formal essay is divided into three sections: the introductory paragraph or introduction, the body paragraphs, and the conclusion paragraph. An essay does not have to be this basic, but it is an excellent place to start. The components of an essay are important to understand because they affect how you write your paper and what readers can expect from your work.
The introduction - This is a brief summary statement at the beginning of the essay that gives the reader a good idea of what the essay will discuss. It should be no longer than 20 words and it should give the reader a clear understanding of the topic. For example, if the essay were on American history, then the following sentence would be a good introduction: "This essay will examine how Americans have viewed their role in the world over time." Avoid using quotes or linking words in the introduction; these only distract from the writing process.
The body - The body of the essay contains the majority of the writing with a few exceptions. It is necessary to include a conclusion section in order to provide a link between the ideas in the essay. The conclusion should bring everything up to date and include a summary of the major points made in the essay. Conclusions are usually one or two sentences long; however, they can be as long as needed when discussing multiple topics within the essay.
The introduction, body, and conclusion are the three main components (or sections) of an essay. The introduction should give a brief overview of the topic being discussed. It should also include any background information necessary for understanding the article. The body should state the argument or opinion supported by evidence from the text or other sources. The conclusion should restate the main idea and provide suggestions for further reading.
An essay has these additional parts: a title page, a copyright page, an abstract, and a bibliography.
The title page includes the following items: the author's name, the title of the essay, its publication information (such as city and country), and a contact number for the author or publisher.
The copyright page shows who owns the rights to the work and provides information on how readers can obtain additional copies or use the work in other ways.
The abstract is a summary of the essay's content prepared by the teacher for his or her own use. It should be no more than one paragraph long and should give the reader a clear picture of what will follow.
The bibliography is a list of books and other articles that were used by the writer in creating the essay.
The Elements of a Good Essay The introduction, body, and conclusion are the three main components (or sections) of an essay. Five paragraphs in a conventional short essay can supply the reader with enough information in a limited amount of space. The structure of these paragraphs - called elements - determines how effective the essay will be.
Paragraphs are divided into sentences which are in turn made up of words. Each word has a meaning on its own but when combined with other words it can create new meanings not intended by any of the words individually. For example, "apple" does not mean the same thing as "apples" nor does it bring to mind images of delicious food; however, together they can describe something as "applish" - that is, attractive but dangerous. Words have power!
It is important to understand that each element must contribute to the development of the argument or topic being discussed. An element that fails to do so would be considered ineffective and should be removed from future essays by editing it out. For example, suppose I were to write an essay on the causes of the Vietnam War without including any reference to history. Even though historians might find this interesting because there was a gap in the past century's events, it wouldn't be effective use of time since it would take up room in my brain that could have been used to discuss more current issues.