Introduction "Virtue" is one of the poems in The Temple (1633), a collection of verse written by George Herbert during the last three years of his life. By then, he had obtained holy orders in the Anglican Church and had been appointed rector of Bemerton, near Salisbury, England. The Temple was published within six months of Herbert's death in 1633.
Herbert's poetry is noted for its spirituality and sensitivity to religious experience. The Temple is no exception to this rule. It tells the story of a man who seeks salvation through faith in God but realizes that human effort is also required for attaining eternal life.
Herbert uses language with strong religious overtones throughout The Temple. He often compares spiritual perfection to beauty and acts as if achieving moral excellence were as easy as putting on makeup or dressing up smartly. However, despite its simplicity of style, this poem is considered one of Herbert's masterpieces due to its profound insight into human nature.
The protagonist of The Temple is a young man named Virgil. Like many people in medieval Europe, he looks up to poets as heroes because they appear to live an exciting life full of travel and romance. When Herbert writes that Virgil was "stirred with the fire of youth", he is not talking about physical passion but rather about a desire to do good deeds and seek knowledge.
Phillis Wheatley wrote the poem "On Virtue." She is attempting to define "virtue" in this book. She uses the poem to assert that her goodness is unreachable, at least without the help of God. Purity, kindness, and salvation are all aspects of virtue in her eyes. She also believes that virtue should be its own reward.
Wheatley was born in 1753 in Boston, Massachusetts. Her father was from Virginia and her mother was from Massachusetts. When she was only seven years old, her family moved to London, England where they would live for several years. In 1765, they returned to America and settled in Worcester, Massachusetts. Here, Wheatley learned to read and write and became interested in poetry. At the age of fourteen, she published her first poem which made a big impact on those who heard it.
During this time, Wheatley's mind was focused on religion. She believed that true happiness could only be found through faith in Jesus Christ. So, she decided to devote herself to writing poems about heaven and hell in an attempt to help people understand what happens after we die.
In 1771, she published her first book of poems called Poems by Phillis Wheatley. This book received many positive reviews from critics who thought it was very good. It included poems about slavery, which at the time wasn't acceptable to most people.
As a result, "Virtue's" rhyme pattern is ABAB CBCB DBDB EFEF. Until the penultimate stanza of the poem, all of the even lines rhyme with each other. The final stanza of the poem does not follow the same rhyme pattern as the rest of the poem. Instead, it uses an irregular rhyme scheme that can be described as ABACB*.
*The last line of the stanza does not include the letter C because C is used as the terminal punctuation mark at the end of sentences at this time. Thus, this line does not fit into the regular ABACB pattern and should be considered separate from the rest of the stanza.
This poem has several different rhyme schemes over its six-line stanzas. This shows how flexible early modern poetry was during this time period. Poets were free to use whatever rhyme scheme they wanted as long as they followed a certain basic format for a poem. Today, we use specific rules to determine what kind of rhyme scheme should be used in a poem. But since ancient times poets have been using their imagination to come up with new ways to tell a story or express themselves creatively, which is why there are so many different types of rhyme schemes used today.
In addition to being flexible, early modern poetry was also innovative in terms of language usage.
The seven heavenly virtues were inspired from the Psychomachia ("Contest of the Soul"), an epic poem penned by Aurelius Clemens Prudentius (c. AD 410) that depicted a conflict between noble virtues and wicked vices. These are the seven virtues: chastity, temperance, charity, diligence, patience, and fortitude.
Chastity refers to the quality of being chaste, or not having sexual relations before marriage. It is the absence of sexual immorality. Chastity is important because it prevents sexual abuse, ensures that pregnancies occur within marriage, and reduces the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases.
Temperance involves controlling one's desires so as not to act on them. It means doing what is necessary not to indulge in something even if you want to. For example, if you want to eat ice cream every day after dinner, but know that this will make you obese, then not eating it is demonstrating self-control over your temperate desire for ice cream.
Charité is kindness toward others. It includes helping people in need, volunteering one's time, and providing comfort to those who are suffering.
Diligence is hard work. It means using effort and attention to accomplish something. For example, if you go to school at night and study hard, that is showing diligence. If you play soccer all year long without a break and don't sleep much, that is showing diligence.
A poetry, usually sung, that praises God or the divine. The most popular hymns in English were composed during the 17th and 19th centuries. They continue to be written today.
During the Middle Ages, priests led chants on church organs as an aid to worship. As music notation became available, composers began writing down these melodies to be used by singers. The first published collection of hymns was produced in Germany in 1525 by Martin Luther. These songs had been written before then, but they were now given a formal quality for use within churches. This type of poem is called a HYMN POEM.
The words to many modern hymns were chosen by famous poets who were not necessarily religious themselves. For example, Charles Wesley wrote most of the words to "Holy, Holy, Holy." He and other members of his family were devout Christians who wanted to express their love for God in song. Another example is "Amazing Grace," which was written by John Newton who was once engaged to be married until he fell into slavery and later managed to free himself. After this experience, he decided to use his money to buy himself out of slavery so that others would not have to go through what he did. Today, "Amazing Grace" is one of the most widely known songs in the world.