Blake, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Keats, Byron, and Shelley are among the most well-known English Romantic poets. The most prominent Romantic poet in America was Edgar Allan Poe, while Victor Marie Hugo was the movement's preeminent figure in France. Blake is best known for his visionary poetry and visual artistry, while Coleridge is recognized for his role in developing modern English literature by writing four major poems (Prelude, Poetical Sketches, Biographia Literaria, and Confessions of an Inquiring Spirit) that examine how knowledge is gained through experience.
Romanticism was a reaction against the rationalism and scientific spirit of the Enlightenment, as well as an attempt to restore harmony to people's lives. The term "romantic" comes from the Latin word meaning "to revive," and this revival was felt to be necessary because it was believed that Europe had become overly concerned with science and logic to the exclusion of more human qualities. Romantic poets such as Blake and Coleridge sought to return to roots that they believed were most pure and authentic, often looking to ancient Greece or medieval England for inspiration. They also wanted to free humanity from the constraints of society, especially political authority, and express feelings and ideas unimpeded by traditional rules.
The Romantic Movement's Ten Most Famous Poets
The key figures of the Romantic movement in English literature are considered to be the poets William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and the much older William Blake, followed later by the isolated figure of John Clare; also novelists such as Walter Byron, Ann Radcliffe, and George Elliot.
Romanticism is a cultural movement that began in Europe around 1750 and had its main manifestations there, in music, painting, literature, and theatre. It emphasized nature, emotion, individuality, and creativity. The founders of this movement rejected the social hierarchy and established traditions of their time in favor of new ideas about human dignity and freedom. They believed that society should be improved for the betterment of everyone included in it.
Romantics were critics and commentators who sought to reform society through changes within art or culture. Some were political activists while others weren't; some were men and others women. But all shared a belief that beauty could change reality and provide a glimpse into a more perfect world. This belief came from Greek poetry and philosophy. The founders of this movement were influenced by these sources but also added many original ideas of their own.
In terms of style, the Romantics favored simplicity over complexity, directness over indirectness, and natural language over formal logic. These are just some examples of how they differed from earlier writers and artists.
The key figures of the Romantic movement in English literature are considered to be the poets William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and the much older William Blake, followed later by the isolated figure of John Clare; also novelists such as Walter Byron,
Periods, Romanticism, Rococo, Francisco Goya