Coleridge, William Blake, and Wordsworth were among the first group of Romantic poets (1798–1800). The second generation reached its apex in the 1820s, with writers like Shelley, Byron, and Keats. The third generation came into its own from the 1830s to the 1850s, with poets like Campbell, Moore, Hood, and Scott of the Lakes.
Coleridge is considered the father of the school because he was a major influence on its founders. Other important people in the early days of the movement include Thomas Monckton Milnes, who coined the term "Romanticism"; James Macpherson, who published poems by Burns; and Joseph Haydn, who wrote some pieces that have been called "the best English-language music ever written".
The main ideas behind Romanticism can be found in Sir Walter Raleigh's 1603 poem "The History of Pygmalion", which tells the story of a sculptor who tries to win over his love by pretending to be a human being. This idea of trying to escape from one's ordinary self and live an extraordinary life has often been cited as one of Romanticism's key concepts. Another important concept is that of nature versus nurture.
Canonically, English Romantic poetry is separated into two eras, each marked by two generations of poets. Byron, Shelley, and Keats are Romantic poets from the first generation; Byron, Shelley, and Keats are Romantic poets from the second generation. The first generation of Romantic poets is often referred to as the "Lake Poets" because many of them lived near lakes (in England) or islands (in Scotland). The second generation is known as the "Blackwood's Group" after William Blackwood, who published an influential magazine that included poems by all of these poets.
Modern scholars generally agree that Keats was probably the only member of the second generation not to have any children. This may have been due to a disease he died of at age 26-27. However, his brother George may have had a daughter named Fanny, who was born about a year after Keats's death. She would have been very young when her father died, so she might have been raised primarily by their mother instead of her father.
Shelley was married to Mary Wollstonecraft, who was the author of A Vindication of Women. Their son Percy Florence Shelley was born in 1795, just three years after their marriage broke down. Mary did most of the parenting during Percy's early years since his father was usually traveling with work projects or writing poems.
The poets William Blake, William Wordsworth, and Samuel Taylor Coleridge pioneered Romanticism in English literature in the late eighteenth century. It was carried forward into the nineteenth century by the second generation of Romantic writers, most notably Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats, and Lord Byron.
Romanticism is a cultural movement that began in Europe around 1750 and had its main influence on European art, music, and literature from 1790 to 1850. Its central ideas were expressionism, imagination, feeling, nature, poetry, and truth.
Romantics believed that it was important for artists to be able to express their feelings about life and nature. This meant that they wanted paintings and poems that would make people feel something, even if it was just happiness or sadness. They also thought that everyone has a creative mind, so it wasn't important what job an artist did; any job could be used as a means of expressing oneself creatively. Finally, they believed that reality is what makes us feel, so artists should try to capture the real thing rather than follow any rules.
Romantics were against the classical world view that said humanity was separated from nature. They believed that we are part of one whole and that everything that happens affects everyone else. Classical writers such as Cicero expressed these beliefs, but they were rejected by many people as being too idealistic.