Samuel Richardson (1689-1751), Henry Fielding (1707–54), Tobias George Smollett (1721–711), and Lawrence Sterne (1713–1768) were its four creators. These four authors are known as the English Novel's Four Pillars or the Four Wheels of the Van.
Their novels displayed various attributes that made them unique. Each writer had their own voice which can be heard in their work.
Richardson was the first to experiment with the novel as a form. His Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded (1740) is a epistolary novel written in the first person by a young woman who sends letters to her friend in France asking for advice on how to win the love of Mr. Worthy.
Fielding took this idea and ran with it. His novel David Copperfield (1850) is a sprawling story that covers many years through the life of one boy. It begins with the death of his father and ends when he is an old man living in London. During this time, he gets married, has a child, goes to America, and then returns to England.
Smollett was another pioneer. He was the first author to be born in the New World. A Scottish novelist who lived in London, he is best known for his satiric writings about the lower classes.
In the 18th century, there were four famous novelists known as the four wheels of the English novel. They were Tobias Smollett, Henry Fielding, Samuel Richardson, and Lawrence Sterne. Henry Fielding is often regarded as the founder of the English novel.
All of these men published in serial form, that is, over several months or years. Their novels were thus called "periodicals" because they were printed in monthly or quarterly parts. This allowed readers to read about their characters' adventures over a longer time period than if the books had been released all at once.
Fielding's work is considered the first that can be described as realistic. It is also said that he established many rules that still apply to modern fiction.
His most notable work is *The History of Mr. George*-*Corpuscles*, which tells the story of a young man who gets caught up in the wars between France and England.
Smollett was the first novelist to be recognized as an expert on his subject. He wrote about the adventures of a young man named Roderick Random. The book is full of descriptions of different places around the world.
Richardson created some of the first romantic novels. His characters often have deep emotional connections with one another. These relationships cause plenty of drama as the characters struggle to understand each other's feelings.
Tobias George Smollet (1721-1771), Laurence Sterne (1715-1768), Samuel Richardson (1689-1761), and Henry Fielding (1707-1754) are identified as the "Four Wheels of the Wain" of the English Novel in the eighteenth century by Professor Saintsbury. The wain is a traditional European vehicle.
Smollett was an Irish writer best known for his novel PELHAM: OR, THE HISTORY OF A MANNER OF LIFE. He came to England as an adolescent and lived most of his life here, but he is now regarded as one of the founders of British literature because of his many novels and stories that deal with topics such as love, friendship, morality, and society. One of his characters, Tobias George Smollett, serves as an eponym to this category of writers.
Sterne was a London clergyman and author best known for his novel SERMONIOUS TOWERS. He came from a family of clergymen and was born in Chichester, West Sussex. His father was a wealthy landowner and his mother was a cousin of John Locke. He had several siblings including two brothers who died young. After being educated at Eton College and Oxford University, he became a curate at St. Martin's Church in London. In 1760, he was appointed to a prebendary position at Lincoln Cathedral where he served for six years.
Other significant 18th-century English novelists include Samuel Richardson (1689–1761), author of the epistolary novels Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded (1740) and Clarissa (1747–48); Henry Fielding (1707–1744), author of Joseph Andrews (1742) and The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling (1749); and Laurence Sterne (1713–1768), author of...
"'The Four Horsemen' was written by Dave Mustaine and Lynyrd Skynyrd." -Lynyrd Skynyrd: The Definitive Biography, written by John-Michael Hohnsceon.
Mustaine has said in interviews that he wrote the song as a comment on the power of popular music to influence people. He has also said it is about drug addiction.
It was released as a single in December 1973, reaching number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. The song has been covered by many artists including Eric Clapton, George Harrison, and Robert Plant.
Mustaine told Rolling Stone in 2004 that he wrote the song while high on cocaine. He said that when he wrote the song, he "was just trying to be funny".
Fielding, Henry Sir Walter Scott dubbed Henry Fielding the "Father of the English Novel," and the title still refers to Fielding's role in literary history. The first novel in English was also probably written by a man: Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (1386). However, it was not until much later that women began writing novels in English. Mary Wollstonecraft wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman in 1792-93, but it was not published until 1816.
The first true novel in English was Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded by Samuel Richardson published in four volumes from 1740 to 1741. It was an immediate success and has been called "the most popular book after the Bible." Two other major authors followed: Elizabeth Carter who wrote The Coquette in 1754-5 and Sarah Fielding who wrote David Simple in 1741. Although they did not use that name at the time, both women are now considered founders of the modern novel.
After these three pioneers, there was little progress for another hundred years. In 1815 Thomas Hardy published his novel Tess of the D'Urbervilles which was an important step forward because it included descriptions of scenery.