Jamaicans hold four Commonwealth Games records and three world records. Four Jamaican women have received Commonwealth Writers' Prizes: Olive Senior (Best Book) in 1987, Erna Brodber in 1989, Alecia McKenzie in 1993, and Vanessa Spence in 1994.
The winners of the Commonwealth Games are the countries who win the most medals. The country who wins the most gold medals is declared the winner of the Gold Medal Table. The country who wins the most overall medals is declared the winner of the Silver Medal Table. If there is a tie between two or more countries for first place, then the prize goes to the country that won the most gold medals plus any other relevant awards such as silver or bronze medals. For example, Canada won both the gold and overall medal tables at the 1986 Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh because they beat England in the gold medal game 4-3.
At the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland, Australia won the most medals with 44 while England came second with 32. Australia also won the most gold medals (22) and the most overall medals (46).
Commonwealth Games records date from the beginning of the event until the completion of the last tournament. There are two types of records: absolute and relative. An "absolute record" can only be set by someone who has not competed at all previous games.
Jamaica joined the Commonwealth in 1962 and has competed in 16 Commonwealth Games, making their debut at the 1934 Commonwealth Games in London. Jamaica has won medals in each of the games in which it has competed. The country's highest achievement is a gold medal, which they have won three times: in 1978 for boxing, in 1994 for track and field, and again in 2014 for athletics.
Jamaica is one of only nine countries to have won medals in every edition of the Games. The other eight are Australia, England, India, Ireland, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, and Wales.
Currently, Jamaica is ranked sixth by gold medals won, third by overall medals won, and first by average medal ratio (number of gold medals divided by number of total medals).
In 2014, Jamaica won two silver medals and two bronze medals. This makes its total amount of medals equal to Germany's total of eleven with America following close behind with ten medals of its own.
Germany has been performing well in the games recently, having won several events including rowing, swimming, and tennis. But its greatest success came in 2004 when it won four gold medals; three of these were won by one athlete - swimmer Michael Phelps.
Jamaica previously held the Games in 1966 in Kingston, Jamaica. Jamaica finished seventh in the medal count at the 2006 Commonwealth Games and tenth all-time, with an overall total of 105 medals (40 gold, 30 silver, and 35 bronze). Retrieved on May 7, 2011, from "Jamaica Commonwealth Games History."
In addition to finishing tenth, it should be noted that Jamaica won one medal in 1966 - a silver - which is now part of the Canadian Olympic Museum collection.
The country has not participated in the Games since then.
Currently, Jamaica is ranked sixth by gold medals, fifth by silver medals, and ninth by overall medals in the world rankings.
Its most successful year was 1936 when it claimed its first and only gold medal at the inaugural event in London, England. The nation's best other result came in 1958 when it took second place behind India. No Jamaican team has ever won a medal since then.
The Commonwealth Games represent Jamaica's only opportunity to win medals. Although Jamaica has qualified athletes for every edition of the Games since their inception in 1906, it has never been able to capitalize on those opportunities. In fact, no Jamaican team has ever won a single medal - gold, silver or bronze - at the Games.
This article lists all of Jamaica's medals at the Commonwealth Games, including those awarded to individuals who represented Jamaica but were born in another country.
Jamaica joined the Commonwealth in 1962 and has competed in practically every Commonwealth Games since its inception in London in 1934. Jamaica, the Caribbean's third biggest island, has won medals in every Commonwealth Games it has participated in. The country is now considered a powerhouse in many sports, having won a gold medal per year on average over that period.
In addition to its success at the Games, Jamaica has also ranked highly in several other international competitions. It is one of only three countries (the others being India and Argentina) to have ever achieved an Olympic ranking system score of 1000 or more. In 2017, it was ranked as the number-one athletic power in the world by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF).
In January 2018, Prime Minister Andrew Young announced his intention to step down after six years in office. He was replaced by Senator Mia Mottley, who is expected to continue with many of her predecessor's policies. Mottley has said she wants to focus on growing economic opportunities for women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM fields).
The Jamaican government has shown its support for Mottley's efforts by stating that it will not renew the contracts of some 3,000 civil servants when they expire at the end of 2018. This includes 1,600 members of the armed forces and almost 700 police officers.