The Theogony ("Birth of the Gods") by Hesiod, who lived in the late eighth or early seventh century B.C., is the most extensive account of the Greek creation myths that has survived (that is, the low-numbered 700s or high-numbered 600s BC). It was probably compiled from many earlier sources.
Hesiod himself may not even have been the author of the work; instead, it may have been a collection of poems by various authors. But since no other writings by him have survived, this question cannot be answered with certainty. What is known for certain is that he was a native of West Greece (in what is now Thessaly) who spent some time as a slave before becoming a priest of Apollo at Delphi. He is considered one of the founders of scientific philosophy in Europe.
According to Hesiod's Theogony, the world had existed eternally without change until Uranus, the sky god, decided to create people on whom he could rely to serve him. So he made ten of everything needed for human life: Earth, Air, Fire, Water, Sun, Moon, Plants, Animals and People. Each of these ten elements has its own personality and character. For example, Earth is stubborn and slow to anger, while Water is weak but effective when used together with Wind and Fire.
Uranus then divided up his creations into two groups: gods and humans.
The poet Hesiod's Theogony, written around 700 BC, provided the first recorded rendition of Greek Mythology. It included descriptions of how and when various gods had been born.
Myths are ancient stories that usually explain some aspect of culture or religion. Myths often include real people or events that have been altered or exaggerated over time to fit a particular story. For example, the story of Zeus and Hera is found in many forms worldwide. In some versions they are married gods who live on Olympus along with other deities; while in others they are siblings who live on Earth among humans. Either way, they have many children who become gods themselves.
Hebrew mythology includes many myths that date back thousands of years. It starts with the creation story told in Genesis 1-3 which describes how God created the world and humankind. These stories were probably written down by scribes under divine guidance between 1500 and 1000 BC.
Greek mythology comes next in the historical record and it dates back even further at about 7500 BC. It explains how our universe was created and the main characters include the sky god Zeus and his wife Hera. They had many children who became important deities themselves.
Theogony by poet Hesiod The poet Hesiod's Theogony, written around 700 BC, provided the earliest documented cosmogony, or genesis tale, of Greek mythology. It was probably compiled from older sources by another poet named Orpheus.
Hesiod was a Greek poet who lived in Sicily about 700 BC. He is best known for his poem The Works and Days which covers many topics including agriculture, morality, and religion. The Theogony is a collection of myths describing the origins of the world and the gods. It consists of six main divisions each beginning with the phrase "In time past..."
Hesiod's poetry was widely read and admired in ancient Greece. His work served as a major source of information for later philosophers and writers such as Plato and Aristotle.
Greek mythology has its roots in prehistoric times when humans began to tell stories about their ancestors and first parents in an effort to make sense of their world. Over time these stories were embellished and adapted as people learned more about the Earth and its creatures.
By the sixth century BC, mythologists such as Hesiod had collected much information on human nature and the universe, so they wrote down what they knew in poetic form.