A happy man, according to poet Alexander Pope, is one who is pleased to breathe his home air and have his paternal land, consumes what he obtains from his land and animals by serving them. Such a person lives a healthy and serene life, contentedly at home. He is free from anxiety about the future, indifferent to praise and blame.
Pope wrote this poem in 1713. It was first published in 1688 as part of his collection "The Works of Mr. Alexander Pope". The poem has been interpreted as describing both an individual and a country. England then was still a strong nation capable of ruling over other countries. However, now it is only a small country with four million people occupying less than 1% of the world's surface area.
In recent years, some scholars believe that Pope actually wrote the poem about himself. They say that he was a happy man who enjoyed his home air and parental land until he became famous and rich and then lost them due to his political enemies publishing false information about him.
However, most scholars believe that England refers to a country here. They say that Pope was born in Italy but his family moved to England when he was young. Therefore, he knew nothing about being independent or not until many years later when he started writing poems.
In addition, Pope lived in interesting times.
The happy man is the one who lives objectively, who has free attachment and a wide range of interests, and who guarantees his pleasure by these interests and affections, as well as the fact that they make him an object of interest and affection to many people. This type of person always looks on the bright side of things and takes pleasures even in small advantages.
Here are some characters from history who were considered wise beyond their years: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Seneca, Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius. They were all born around 469 B.C. and died between A.D. 399 and A.D. 180. None of them reached 60 years of age.
Socrates was said to have been involved in several murders, but he did not feel guilty about it because he believed that society was responsible for its own corruption. He refused to testify in court against anyone, despite being accused of corrupting the youth of Athens. He was executed by drinking hemlock, a poisonous plant.
Plato was born around 428 B.C. and died in 348 B.E. He lived in Greece, Italy, and southern France.
Ans. The poem's fundamental premise is that a really happy guy is one who is pleased with what he has. He has complete control over his own will. He begs God for forgiveness. He keeps praying even after getting what he wants. Also, he lives each day as it comes without worrying about the future. Finally, he shows love to others.
A happy person, according to the poet, is a free man who does not act according to the wants of others and constantly pursues the truth and maintains himself near to God, aiming for a virtuous life rather than fame and international places, and is pleased with what he has...