??? (sometimes transliterated as Enheduana, En-hedu-ana, or variations; fl. 23rd century BC) is the first known poet whose name is recorded. She was a princess of ancient Egypt who was also a priestess and singer at the Temple of Hathor in Dendera.
Her poems were probably used in worship rituals at Dendera. They include songs for the dead, prayers, and epigrams. The only complete work by her is a collection of forty-two poems called "The Poems of Princesses" (Arabic: البيانات الشهيرة للملوك). This anthology includes five poems written by Enheduanna herself. The remaining poems appear to have been composed by other women in her circle of friends and followers. They include two priests' wives, one woman named Ninsun, and another named Antanapetsebs.
In addition to being a poet, Princess Enheduanna may also have been involved in government administration. She is said to have been responsible for religious ceremonies after King Zoser died. In addition, she may have been involved in diplomacy because some of the poems in her anthology mention visits to foreign countries such as Libya, Canaan, and Babylon.
An epic poem about the actual King Gilgamesh, who governed Sumerian Uruk (modern-day Iraq) circa 2700 BC. This is the earliest known written narrative, period, anywhere in the world. The earliest known copies of this poem come from around 2000 BC and are written in Sumerian cuneiform.
It's been suggested that this poem might have inspired later writers to tell stories. But it also could be that they were reading each other's poems and took some ideas from here and there.
The original version of "Gilgamesh" is lost, but its influence can still be seen in many modern works of fiction. For example, George Orwell's novel "1984" features a character named Winston Smith who tries to write a novel called "Down and Out in London and Paris" which is then banned by Big Brother.
Orwell must have read about Gilgamesh!
According to some scholars, writing was invented by someone who wanted to keep track of things. They say this person was a man named Chuang Tzu who lived in ancient China about five hundred years before Christ. He used writing as a way to remember things for his own benefit. But others think writing was invented much earlier than that - perhaps by gods or magic people who wanted to communicate with us today through their writings.
Homer. Homer is regarded as the first and greatest poet of Ancient Greece, laying the groundwork for many subsequent generations of writers. He lived around 750 BC, which made him a contemporary of Virgil and Milton.
Homer's poems, which are preserved today in several copies made between 400 and 300 BC, focus on the wars between various cities-then vassals of Achilles, the Trojan hero-and Achaeans, the tribes to which they belonged. The Iliad relates the war between Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, and Achilles, son of Peleus. It is believed that Homer created both the characters and the events described in his poems.
In addition to being one of the most important poets of all time, Homer also has been called the father of history because of the accuracy with which he reported past events. Although some modern scholars believe that he may have gotten some of his information from earlier writers, such as Ennius or Hesiod, most agree that he must have had a source of his own. This would explain why certain facts are mentioned in the Iliad but not others-for example, the fact that there was a war between Agamemnon and Achilles but no mention of other kings involved.
Poetry. The Shijing ("Classic of Poetry"), the first anthology of Chinese poetry, comprising of temple, court, and folk songs, was given definitive form during the time of Confucius (551-479 bce). The poems in this collection were all spoken orally before they were written down by hand, but some of them have been attributed to individual poets based on internal evidence found in their works.
The first poet known by name is Kuo Pu, who lived in ancient China around the year 500 ce. His father was a minor government official who had the job of guarding the archives of the state of Lu. When he died, his son decided to use these records for his own poems. He succeeded in getting himself hired as an assistant keeper of the archives, which gave him access to even more material to work with. In five years' time, he collected all the poems that are now included in the Shijing.
Of all the songs from the Shijing, only one is believed to be entirely Kuo's work: "The River Song" (or "River Scene"). It is about a man looking for love among the women of a village across the river from his own home.
Besides Kuo, there are two other major poets from ancient times: Li Bai and Du Fu.
Henry Louis Vivian Derozio is regarded as the first poet in the lineage of Indian English poetry, with Rabindranath Tagore, Sri Aurobindo, Sarojini Naidu, Michael Madhusudan Dutt, and Toru Dutt following in his footsteps. Derozio was born in Paris on March 23, 1809, to an aristocratic French family. His parents had emigrated to France from India, where his father held a high position in the Indian Civil Service.
He received his education at home and in Europe, graduating from the Collège de France in 1832. After serving as a diplomat for several years, he returned to India in 1841 and became secretary to the governor-general. He died in Paris in 1876.
Among other poets, Derozio is regarded as the forerunner of modern Indian poetry because he introduced European ideas and techniques into Indian poetry. His work also influenced later poets such as Tagore and Gandhi. Derozio's poems were published posthumously in 1889 by his son Paul.
So, Derozio is regarded as the first poet of India.
Soon after, Maithili, a major admirer of Kabirdas, began penning poems. Born and raised in Chirgaon, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, he broke into the realm of Hindi writing by first publishing his poetry in Indian publications. He is regarded as the first freedom fighter poet in India.
His poems are known for their simple language and direct expression of ideas. They still hold true today: when you write about love, hate, death, life, everything can be expressed in just a few words. This is what makes Maithili's work special and applicable even today.
He died in 1849 at the young age of 36 years. However, it is believed that he was poisoned by the British government to avoid him becoming a future leader of India's movement for independence from Britain.
On 22 February, every year, people all over India celebrate Maithili Poetry Day to honor this great poet.
Narendra Modi was elected the 17th prime minister of India on 26 May 2014.