Aristophanes was unquestionably the best Athenian comic writer (a lot of the greatest playwrights in Greece lived in Athens). He created over 100 plays between 424 and 388 B.C., most of which have survived. His work demonstrates a revolutionary approach to comedy that focused on political satire rather than imitation or burlesque.
Bacchylides was an ancient Greek poet from Gela in Sicily. He wrote choral poems in dactylic hexameter describing mythological scenes and events, such as battles and storms. Although only a few of his songs have survived, it is known that he was also a very good playwright since some of his works were performed by actors at Athens.
Euripidis was an Athenian dramatist of the 4th century BC. He was the first major playwright to write exclusively for Athenians instead of producing plays for other cities. His work includes 87 surviving lines of poetry along with two complete plays (one extant in its entirety). He also wrote several others that are only fragmentsary evidence of their existence.
Sophocles was an Ancient Greek poet from Sophias in Attica. He was born around 776 BC and died in 568/7 BC.
Aristophanes: Aristophanes was the finest of the ancient Greek comic authors who flourished in Athens in the fifth century b.c.e., and the only one whose entire plays have survived. He authored at least thirty-six comedies, eleven of which are still in print. His characters are free from the moralizing tone often found in his contemporaries', and his jokes are noted for their acuity and ingenuity. Although born about four hundred years after Socrates, Aristophanes captured many aspects of the puritanical Athenian spirit. His targets were contemporary politicians and priests, but he also satirized other societies and cultures throughout history.
Euripides: Euripides was a Greek tragedian who lived in Athens around 480 b.c.e. He is considered the greatest tragic playwright of all time, despite having only one surviving work, which is not entirely clear whether it is a drama or a satyr play. It has been called "the first modern play", as it features some of the elements that would come to define dramatic fiction: a plot, characters, scenes, action, and even a climax.
Molière: Michel de Montaigne (1533-1613) was a French philosopher and writer who is regarded as one of the fathers of humanism. But he was also a very successful theatre-owner who managed to attract both aristocrats and artists from all over Europe to Paris.
Greek Playwrights of Antiquity
Aristophanes was a playwright who composed 40 comedies. Only eleven of them have made it to the end. His most well-known writings were Ecclesiazusae, Frogs, and Lysistrata. His plays have given historians insight into life in Athens during that time period. Aristophanes was born around 470 B.C. and died in 386 B.C.
His father was a wealthy farmer from central Greece who also served as an official in the army of Athens. His mother came from an old Athenian family. She may have been related to the poet Arion, who was her son's teacher. Aristophanes had two older brothers who both became prominent citizens of Athens. One of them, called Dicearchus, wrote plays too but none have survived. The other brother named Aeschines grew to be a great orator and politician who opposed many times while serving in the government of Athens.
When Aristophanes was young, his family moved to Syracuse, where he lived for several years. He returned to Athens when he was 20 years old and became a citizen there. He was very interested in politics and wrote about them in his plays. This is how he made his living. In addition to writing comedy, he also wrote tragedies which have not survived. It is known that they dealt with political issues such as democracy vs monarchy and also examined social problems such as slavery. Aristophanes married late in life and had three children.
Aristophanes was the most renowned comedic dramatist. He excelled in political satire, and his most renowned works were Lysistrata, the Clouds, and the Acharnians. Eleven of Aristophanes' plays have survived to the present day. Tragedies from Greece Sophocles' Oedipus Rex (Oedipus Rex) and Euripides' Hippolytus (The Bacchae) are also considered masterpieces of world drama.
He was born in 487 or 486 BC in Athens, Greece. His original name was Aristophanes of Melos but he is better known by his nickname which means "the comic poet". He was a radical democrat and anti-war activist who spent several years in prison for writing insulting poems about various officials including politicians. He died in 422/1 at the age of 85. His plays are performed on stage today in both Europe and America.
Aristophanes, the most famous Greek comedic playwright, was born in the 440s b.c.e. He witnessed the turmoil of the Peloponnesian War, which lasted from 431 to 404 and deposed Athens as the cultural and political center of the Greek city-states. The war resulted in large part due to Sparta's alliance with neighboring countries who were fighting against Athens for control of the Greek world market. Aristophanes satirized these conflicts in his plays, which often featured characters commenting on contemporary events.
The works of Aristophanes have survived because they were performed by actors in front of an audience who laughed at their jokes. Although he lived in Athens, where politics were practiced by all classes, Aristophanes himself was not a politician but a comic poet. His targets were usually current politicians or others who had been given positions of power, although he also satirized citizens who had done nothing wrong but had been chosen by lot to serve in government offices.
His first play was produced in 422 b.c.e., when he was twenty years old. This play has survived because it was so popular that audiences demanded it be kept going over several nights. The original title was probably something like "The Battle of the Wasp Nurseries," since the main character is a god who fights against other gods who have been conjured up by their jealous sisters.
Aristophanes was a dramatist. Comedy, satyr plays, and, most significantly, tragedy were the three types of drama. The original comedies were mostly sarcastic, mocking persons in authority for their vanity and folly. Aristophanes, the first master of comedy, was a dramatist. His works include The Wasps, Peace, Ecclesiazusae, and Lysistrata.
Tragedy originated with Thales of Miletus. It is said that he is also the father of philosophy as we know it today. His work focused on moral issues such as justice and injustice, virtue and vice. He is also known for his theories on astronomy and mathematics.
The comic and tragic genres would later be combined into one form called "drama". Drama includes comedy and tragedy as its two main categories. Other genres of drama include historiography, biography, argument, pleading, and instruction.
Greek comedy and tragedy have had an enormous influence on modern theatre. Modern comedies are often referred to as "farces" which comes from the Latin word for "folly", because many of these plays deal with foolish people who do ridiculous things. Some examples include William Shakespeare's A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum and George Farquhar's One Over Easy.
Modern tragedies deal with similar themes to those in Greek drama but from a different perspective.