Journalism in the 1890s, led by newspaper proprietors William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer, employed melodrama, romance, and exaggeration to sell millions of newspapers—a style that became known as "yellow journalism." Both men were born in New York in 1844. They made their money selling newspapers and used it to support their efforts as journalists.
They both had strong opinions on many issues of their time such as imperialism, war, and civil rights. They also shared an interest in military history which helped them write articles about current events with a perspective years ahead of its time.
Pulitzer died in 1913 at the age of 62 but Hearst continued to publish news out of San Francisco until his death in 1951. He was one of the most influential people in American media during his lifetime.
Hearst is credited with creating a more aggressive journalistic approach that is still used today. He is also said to have invented the newsreel, radio broadcast, and political cartoon. However, these claims cannot be verified because most of his papers were destroyed by he himself or others after his death.
He attended Columbia University but dropped out to work for the New-York Tribune as a cub reporter. When he was only twenty-one years old, he was given the job of city editor.
Yellow journalism was a type of newspaper reporting that focused on sensationalism rather than facts. The word was coined during a fight for the New York City newspaper market by two prominent newspaper proprietors, Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst. They both had the same idea but used different strategies to get attention from their readers. Pulitzer published newspapers in several cities, including New York, Philadelphia, and St. Louis, while Hearst focused on one city at a time.
They both knew that if they could attract more readers, their papers would be read by more people, thus increasing their influence over them. So they both hired writers who were known for their ability to create outrageously dramatic stories that would appeal to common people's sense of justice-especially to American men living in times when there was much violence in society. These reporters would write about crimes that deserved punishment, especially murders, and they would try to push the boundaries of what was acceptable in terms of writing style and content.
Pulitzer came up with the idea of publishing photos along with his articles. This is how he wanted people to remember him after he died: as someone who made the world feel better about itself by showing it images of crime scenes and tragedies. Hearst preferred to use illustrations, but sometimes he would use photographs too.
Hearst acquired the New York Journal in 1895, sparking a journalistic spat between Pulitzer and Hearst. Pulitzer's name became synonymous with "yellow journalism" as a result of this competition, notably the coverage before to and during the Spanish-American War. After several attempts, Hearst finally succeeded in getting rid of Pulitzer in 1919.
Hearst built his newspaper empire by acquiring other newspapers across the country. By the time he died in 1951, he had over 200 newspapers running his editorial lines. He also owned many radio stations and television networks at one time or another.
Hearst is known for his strong opinions on politics and social issues of the day. His newspapers often ran editorials supporting their views on these matters. During World War I, Hearst helped raise money for the war effort by selling special editions of his newspapers with large amounts of space devoted to the conflict.
After the war ended, Hearst wrote an editorial calling for the United States to withdraw its support from Cuba because of Fidel Castro's communist regime. This prompted President Harry S. Truman to state that he would not be influenced by such an editorial.
Hearst was very supportive of Roosevelt throughout most of FDR's presidency. However, when Roosevelt began making changes to Social Security, Hearst opposed it.