"Mi ultimo adios" (English: "My Last Farewell") is a poem composed by Dr. Jose Rizal before to his death by firing squad on December 30, 1896. It was one of the final pieces he composed before his death. The poem expresses Rizal's farewell to the Philippines and his love for the country.
Rizal was born on April 20, 1861 in Malate, Manila. He was baptized as an infant with the name of José de Jesus María del Pilar Rizal y Mercado. His parents had him married off at a young age because they could not afford to feed another child. This is why Rizal spent most of his childhood in an orphanage.
In 1875, when Rizal was 12 years old, his father was killed during an uprising against the Spanish government. His mother was left with no choice but to work as a maid in order to support them both. She worked until she died in 1880 from tuberculosis. At this time, Rizal was already working as a clerk in a bookstore to help support himself.
Through all these struggles, Rizal still managed to finish high school. In 1879, he went to Europe for three years where he attended several universities including the University of Madrid and the University of Paris.
Mi ultimo adios (My Last Farewell), written soon before his death by Spanish colonial authorities in 1896, was Jose Rizal's ultimate vow of love for a nation he thought was being tramped upon by intruders from afar.
Rizal's poem was included in the English translation of his works entitled Poems by José Rizal published in Chicago in 1902. The edition used here is number 14 in that series.
It has been estimated that over 7 million copies of "Mi Ultimo Adios" have been printed in various languages around the world. It is one of the most translated poems in the world.
Jose Rizal was a national hero in the Philippines for advocating independence from Spain. He was executed by firing squad on December 30, 1896, at age 36. His last words were "Mi ultimo adios," which means "my last farewell."
The poem was immensely popular among Rizal's contemporaries, many of whom knew him only through his writings. One of them was Dr. Fidel Ramos, who wrote about his friendship with Rizal. In it, he says that Rizal had a copy of "Mi Ultimo Adios" on his desk while they talked.
My Last Farewell (Mi Ultimo Adios in Spanish) was Jose Rizal's final poem. His friend Mariano Ponce came up with the title for this poem.
Rizal wrote this poem while he was still a student at the University of Santo Tomas. He had just been expelled for involvement in the Philippine Revolution against Spain. This poem is considered by many to be one of the best poems ever written in the English language.
It is not known exactly when or where this poem was written but it is believed to have been written sometime between 1878 and 1882. However, this cannot be confirmed because there are no documents showing when or where this poem was written. What is known for sure is that Rizal posted this poem on some papers he had signed when he joined the army. These papers were found by his friends who then showed them to another friend named Pablo Ocampo. The papers included this poem and two others by other authors. Ocampo then showed these three papers to Mariano Ponce who decided to use the first word of each line as the title for Rizal's poem. Thus, My Last Farewell was chosen as the title of this poem.
Mi Ultimo Adios is a poem on how lovely the Philippines is and how Rizal wants us to learn from our history and understand the truth about how the rest of the world sees us.
It is also the call for everyone to have courage, believe in themselves, and not be afraid to speak out against injustice.
The poem begins with a young man who was born in the Philippines but raised in France writing to his love interest who is also French. He tells her that he does not want her to get used to living in the Philippines because he has decided to move back home.
He explains that he wants to see what life is like here in the Philippines before deciding whether it is really what he had imagined. He says that if it isn't, then he will leave again but this time for good.
After saying this, he sends her money so she won't worry about him. Then he travels across the world to meet up with other young men who were all inspired by him to go home too.
They plan to travel together and when they get to the country, they will find out what kind of place it is and if it lives up to the image they have in their mind.