The Ramcharitmanas (Devanagari: shriiraamcritmaans, IAST: SriRamacaritamanasa) is an epic poem in the Awadhi language written by Tulsidas (c. 1532–1623). The name "Ramcharitmanas" literally means "Lake of Rama's Deeds." It is the main text of the Ramayana as retold by Tulsidas in 30,000 verses.
Tulsidas was a famous poet and writer in the Indian city of Varanasi at the time. He lived in a period when there was great interest in the story of Rama, an incarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu. Many books had been written on the subject, but none so popular or well-known as the Ramayana. In order to make the story more accessible to his readers, Tulsidas decided to rewrite part of the Ramayana in rhyme for a contemporary audience. This work is called the "Ramcharitmanas".
Tulsidas was born into a family of weavers in a small village near present-day Varanasi. When he was only six years old, his father died and his mother moved with him and his two sisters to Varanasi where they took up jobs as weavers. Despite their humble origins, Tulsidas's parents were aware that their son had great talent and encouraged him to learn poetry.
An architectural panel representing events from the Ramcharitmanas, including Hanuman bringing a mountain of medical plants (left) and Rama confronting Ravana (right). Ramcharitmanas (Devanagari: shriiraamcritmaans; IAST: SriRamacaritamanasa) is an epic poem in the Awadhi language written by Tulsidas (c. 1532–1623), a 16th-century Indian bhakti poet. It is the first major work on Hinduism to be published using the English alphabet.
Tulsidas was born in a family of weavers in the town of Paithan, present-day Maharashtra. He grew up hearing stories about the life of Ramachandra, which inspired him to write his own version of events called Ramcharitmanas. The work was widely accepted as definitive until the early 20th century when another poet named Kalidas wrote his own version called the "Krishna Leela".
Although not considered a canonical text today, Ramcharitmanas has been popular among Hindus for many years. It has been cited in several Hindu texts including the Bhakti Sutras and the Garuda Purana.
In addition to being a great poet in his own right, Tulsidas also translated many poems into Awadhi from various languages including Sanskrit, Braj, Malayalam, and Persian. He also wrote commentaries on Bhagavad Gita and Mahabharata.
Lord Ram's contemporaries included Sage Valmiki. Goswami Tulsidas, a prominent Awadhi poet, penned "Kaliyuga" in Awadhi. Tulsidas lived from 1511 to 1623 AD in the 15th century AD. 2. Ramayana is composed of two words: Ram and Aayanam (story), hence the meaning of Ramayana is Ram's narrative. 3. The first Ramayana was written by Valmiki sometime before AD 400. It contains seven hundred verses divided into fourteen chapters.
Valmiki was an enlightened soul who lived in ancient India. He was a sannyasin - a holy person - since childhood. His life was devoted to spirituality. He invented a new script called Sankhya that combined characters from several existing scripts to create one that was easier to read and write. This was long before the invention of computers!
Sage Valmiki was a great scholar and poet who lived in ancient India. He was a contemporary of Lord Krishna and they were both involved in many adventures together. Valmiki wrote a famous poem called "Ramayana" which consists of eleven thousand lines! In this poem he describes the adventures of Lord Rama, a prince who will become the king of Ayodhya, his wife Sita and his brother Laxman.
Tulsidas wrote Ramcharitmanas, one of the world's most widely read magnum opuses, in the same temple in late 1500 AD. The book was found in 1623 and was written in the Awadhi dialect, which is part of the eastern Hindi language family. It has remained at the temple since 1701.
Ramcharitmanas is a compilation of songs based on events from the life of Lord Rama. It contains 1140 songs divided into seven chapters titled "Alankar". The first chapter is devoted to the birth of Lord Rama and the second chapter to his marriage. From there the narrative jumps to various other important events in his life such as his exile, the battle of Lanka, Sita's abduction, the search for Rama, and finally his return home with an army after 14 years of exile.
The book was originally written in Sanskrit but many people don't understand that language so it was translated into several regional languages including Braj, Marathi, Urdu and English. The last version was published in 1987 by the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
Although the original manuscript is preserved in the library of the Banaras Hindu University, scholars believe that it may have been destroyed during the British invasion of India. For example, the university librarian said that a fire broke out in the library in 1866 and although it was put out immediately, many valuable manuscripts were lost in the fire.
The Ramayana was authored in Sanskrit by the scholar Valmiki during the Treta Yuga. 2. A song written by him has been included in the collection of poems called "Ghazals". The Ramayana and the Mahabharata are the only two books in the Indian epic tradition that have survived into modern times.
Sanskrit is still the official language of India and many other countries including Nepal, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, Canada, Brazil and Afghanistan. It is also the language of literature in those regions. Therefore, the Ramayana and Ramcharitmanas have been preserved for us by people who wanted to show us a better way of living. They serve as examples for us to follow in our daily lives.
Lord Rama is the main character in the Ramayana. He is the son of King Dasarath of Ayodhya and Queen Sita. When his father decides to build a temple dedicated to Shiva instead of establishing Rama as the foremost god in the city, he refuses to go along with this. As a result, he is sent away to live in the forest with his brother Lakshamana while their father goes to war against Shiva's priest, Brahmins.