Troy: Fall of a City, partially based on Homer's ancient Greek epic poem 'Iliad,' relates the account of the Greeks' 10-year siege of the ancient city of Troy. Following Paris, a young prince of Troy falls in love with the wife of a Greek monarch and marries her. This was written by Ol-Raptis. Did you know that? He was a Lydian princess who married King Lycaon of Lydia when she was only six years old. She wrote many poems of her own and managed to persuade Ol-Raptis to publish them so they could be read by others.
Troy: Fall of a City was written by an anonymous poet sometimes called "Ol-Raptis" which means "the blind one". The story is set in Asia Minor (present-day Turkey) around 1200 B.C. It describes the fall of Troy after the great Trojan War. The book was popular in its time and many copies were made for distribution to schools and universities throughout Europe. Modern historians believe it to be the work of an unknown writer from Lydia (modern-day Turkey).
Lydia was a kingdom located in what is now western Turkey. Its capital was Sardis. Ol-Raptis was probably a female writer whose real name is lost to history. She may have been a royal princess or perhaps a famous queen who managed to get her work published.
The Iliad (Gr: "Ilias") is an epic poem written by the ancient Greek poet Homer that describes some of the major events of the Trojan War and the Greek siege of Troy (which was also known as Ilion, Ilios, or Ilium in ancient times). The Iliad is considered one of the great poems of the world's oldest literature system, classical poetry. It consists of just under six thousand lines divided into twenty-four books. The work is based on actual events that took place around the 12th century BC.
Homer lived in what is now Greece. His songs were sung for centuries after his death because they were so popular. They describe the great wars between the Greeks and the Trojans to decide who would rule the Mediterranean region. The Iliad is thought to have been composed between 888 and 832 BC. It takes the form of a narrative that follows the adventures of Achilles, a prince among the Myrmidons (a tribe of warriors from Peloponnese) as he fights in the war between the Greeks and the Trojans. The poem is therefore often called "Achilles' tale".
It begins with the anger of Achilles being provoked by the goddess Hera when she changes the order of the battle against Troy so that the Greeks lose their advantage and are defeated by the Trojans under Hector.
Homer's Iliad is set in Troy and describes the final year of the Trojan War, possibly in the 13th century BCE. The tale of Troy and the Trojan War became a staple of Classical Greek and Roman literature. Many other poets and writers including Virgil, Pope, Milton, and Schiller wrote about events from the war.
Troy was an ancient city on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). It was founded around 1050 BCE by Achaean settlers who came to Greece from the north after the Trojan War. The city reached its zenith under the Lydian kings during the 8th century BCE but was eventually overrun by the Persians during the 545 BCE invasion led by Cyrus the Great. The last remnant of the city's population left before it was destroyed by Alexander the Great in 334 BCE.
The story of Troy and the Trojan War has been told many times over the centuries. However, not all versions are based on historical facts. For example, some stories include episodes that didn't take place while others omit important details about the war. No one version of the story can be considered "true" as they are all adaptations of the original work by Homer.
Troy has been the subject of numerous paintings, drawings, and sculptures throughout history.
According to tradition, Troy was besieged for ten years before being taken by a Greek army headed by King Agamemnon. According to Homer's "Iliad," the motivation for this "Trojan War" was the kidnapping of Helen, a Spartan queen. Paris, the son of King Priam of Troy, was responsible for the kidnapping. When he brought Helen back to Sparta, she bore him two children: Menelaus and Alexandros.
In actuality, there was no such thing as "Troy" as we know it today at the time of the Trojan War. The city probably stood near where Istanbul, Turkey is now. Archaeologists believe that it may have been located in what is now called Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). During the war, people probably used stories and myths to explain events that had not happened yet or things they wanted to happen. It was this same process that created stories about King Arthur and his knights guarding the last remaining magic sword that could cut through anything.
In any case, the Greeks won the war after nine years with help from the Egyptians and the Romans. After the war, everyone except King Priam of Troy went home. He died soon afterward from a wound received during one of the battles.
So, who defeated Troy? The ancients credited the Greeks with the victory because they wanted to show that even though Troy was very powerful it could be destroyed by smaller nations.
When he brought Helen back to Sparta, he also returned with her two beautiful sisters who had been living there.
After hearing of the beauty of Helen, King Menelaus of Sparta went to Troy to retrieve her. The Trojan prince Hector, who had been fighting for his country on the outskirts of the war, killed him. Enraged, Menelaus' brother Agamemnon led an invasion of Greece. During their absence, Troy was destroyed by the Greeks led by Menelaus' younger brother, Alexander.
After the death of Menelaus, the remaining Greek leaders decided that another king should be elected to lead them in the battle against Troy. They chose his brother, Deiphobus, but he refused to lead the army. So they voted again and this time selected Priam's son, Paris, instead. He too rejected the offer, so they kept voting until they found someone willing to go to Troy. This process continued for ten years while the people of Greece spent their money on food because they didn't have enough resources to fight too.
The epic literature The Iliad has had a significant effect on Wolfgang Peterson's film Troy. This composition is commonly attributed to Homer, an Ancient Greek poet. Both the film and the poem contain similar ending scenarios, such as the Greek blockade of Troy...