Tagore, Rabindranath Rabindranath Tagore, the Nobel Prize laureate in literature, is the most well-known and important person in modern Indian literature. He predominantly composed poems in Bengali. However, he also wrote some songs and essays.
Tagore was born on April 10, 1861, in Chitpur, Bengal (present-day Bangladesh). His father was a lawyer who later became an officer of the British civil service. When Tagore was only six years old, his family moved to Baroda (now known as Vadodara), where his father was appointed governor of Gujarat. They then moved again to Calcutta (Kolkata) when Tagore was nine. Here, he went to school until he was 16 years old. In 1875, he entered into an Anglo-Indian marriage so that he could continue to study in Europe. The marriage turned out to be a very unhappy one, and they had no children together.
After graduating from Cambridge University with first class honors in mathematics, Tagore returned to India in 1883 and took up a post at the Brahmo Samaj, a religious society founded by an Indian philosopher named Brahmabandhab Upadhyay. However, he soon left this post to travel abroad for further studies.
Tagore, Rabindranath Tagore was one of the most significant and well-known personalities in contemporary Indian literature, writing mostly in Bengali. His work, which includes poems, songs, plays, and essays, has been called "a national anthem for Indians by Indians".
He invented a new genre of music known as Gitanjali, which today is used to introduce concerts.
Tagore was a master of many disciplines - musician, artist, activist, educator - and his work reflects all these sides of his personality. He was born on April 10, 1861, in Chittagong, then part of British-ruled Bengal, now in Bangladesh. His father was Debendranath Tagore, a wealthy lawyer who had strong ties with the Brahmo Samaj, a religious and social reform movement. His mother's family name was Banerjee; she was a devout Christian woman from a poor farming family.
When he was only six years old, Tagore's parents moved to Calcutta (now Kolkata) so that his father could take up a post as attorney general in the government office there.
Tagore was much more than a poet; he also wrote novels, plays, short tales, and even paintings. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913.
Tagore was born on November 2, 1861 in Chittagong, Bengal (now in Bangladesh). His father was Debendranath Tagore, a wealthy lawyer who had strong political views that brought him into conflict with the British government. In 1872, when Rabindranath was only seven years old, his father was imprisoned for protesting against the removal of civil liberties from Indians.
After their father was released in 1875, the family moved to Calcutta where Rabindranath attended school. When he was thirteen years old, his mother died and he was sent to live with an uncle in London so that he could study law. However, after two years there, he decided that he did not want to become a lawyer and returned to India.
For the next few years, Tagore worked as a legal adviser to several companies and organizations including the Scottish Church College in Calcutta. It was during this time that he began to write poems that would later bring him fame.