Tagore, Rabindranath Tagore was one of the most significant and well-known personalities in contemporary Indian literature, writing mostly in Bengali. Tagore was much more than a poet; he also wrote novels, plays, short tales, and even paintings. He was a social reformer who fought for Indian independence from Britain and was instrumental in creating modern India through his work.
He was born on November 2, 1861, in Chittagong, then part of British-ruled Bengal, into a wealthy family. His father was Ashim Kumar Tagore, a lawyer and amateur musician, and his mother was Amiya Devi. He had two brothers named Krishna and Naren.
When Tagore was only six years old, his family moved to Calcutta (now Kolkata), where his father took up a job with the government. They lived in a luxurious house with an extensive garden, which Tagore would help maintain. The young boy showed an interest in music at an early age and used to play various instruments, including the violin, the piano, and the mridangam.
He went to St. John's College, where he studied English literature, philosophy, and history. But it was not long before he quit school to focus on his writing career.
Rabindranath Tagore is primarily recognized as a poet, yet he was a multi-talented guy. On the one hand, he was the first Indian to get a Nobel Prize in literature, and on the other, he was a writer who also wrote and produced songs. He was also a social reformer who fought for Indian independence from Britain.
Tagore was born on April 23, 1861 in Chittagong, Bengal (now Bangladesh). His father was a wealthy lawyer who had many connections with government officials. When Rabindranath was only eight years old, his family moved to Calcutta so that his father could work for the Indian government. Although he showed an interest in writing from a young age, he did not begin formal education until he reached 14 years old. In 1875, when he was 15, his father died, leaving him with no money nor property to survive on. This is when he started working to make enough money to live on.
He initially worked as an assistant teacher but then decided to try his hand at writing poems instead. The first poem he published was titled "Jugantar" ("Revolutionary") which was written when he was just 19 years old. It was followed by several more poems which were also successful. In 1880, when he was 20, his mother died too. These two events greatly affected him and caused him to turn away from law studies and focus solely on poetry and music.
Rabindranath Tagore, known as "the Bard of Bengal," is a towering figure in world literature and the most famous modern Indian poet. He is also considered one of the two greatest poets of the Bengali language (along with Jagadish Chandra Bose).
Tagore was a polymath who explored various disciplines including music, art, philosophy, and science through his writings and lectures. He has been called "the father of modern India" for his role in developing national consciousness among Indians.
He was born on April 2, 1861, in Chitpur, now in Bangladesh. His parents were wealthy landowners who had strong political beliefs; thus, they had to move their home four times before finally reaching Calcutta (now Kolkata) when Rabindranath was eight years old. He received early education from private tutors and then attended the Scottish Church College where he graduated with honors in mathematics and physics.
After graduating, he traveled to Europe where he spent three years studying at several universities in Germany and France. When he returned home in 1886, he started work as an educational inspector but soon gave up this job to write full time. He published his first collection of poems in 1889 and since then has never looked back. He died on November 30, 1941.