Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao (10 June 1916–1988) was a Telugu novelist well known for writing the National Pledge of India. He was born in Rajahmundry, East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh and died in Hyderabad. His novels include Aa Kodalu (1947), Kula Kapardina (1948), and Sankarabharanam (1952).
His novel Sankarabharanam has been cited as an influence on Indian literature and film. It was made into a successful movie in 1959 directed by Bapu. The lead role was played by Dr. Sivaji Ganesan who received the Filmfare Award for Best Actor for his performance.
Ganesan said in an interview that he was influenced by Subba Rao's character in the novel because it showed that even though you do good deeds you can still get punished for no reason. "This is something that happens not only in books but in life too. Even if you try to be good, you will be punished for nothing," he said.
Subba Rao wrote more than 30 novels and about 20 short story collections. He also wrote essays, poems, and plays.
The National Pledge was written by a man named Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao. Subba Rao, a Telangana native, was a neuropathy doctor and administrator. He was also a polyglot, speaking Sanskrit, Telugu, English, and Arabic fluently. The National Anthem was composed by India's national anthem writer Muthuswami Dikshitar.
Subba Rao first proposed the idea of a national anthem in 1908 while he was working at the Madras (now Chennai) Government Indian Institute of Medical Science. At that time, India didn't have a national anthem. The government then appointed Subba Rao to organize an institute for the deaf and blind, but he used his time there to write down some verses of a song that he said would help unite Indians even if they could not hear or see each other. These poems were later used as the basis for what is now known as India's national anthem.
So the next time you hear someone say, "Take off your hat when the National Anthem is played" or "face coverings are required at public events during the National Anthem", know that these are two practices that were introduced long after India had a national anthem.
The commitment was written by Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao, a well-known Telugu writer, naturopathic doctor, and bureaucrat. He proposed the idea during his speech at an official function held on May 5, 1954. The government adopted the proposal and included it in the Indian Constitution by introducing a new article - Article 51A - at that time.
Before this, on March 26, 1950, Mahatma Gandhi had announced a plan to protect India's religious minorities - including Hindus, Muslims, and Christians - who were facing violence from majority Muslim communities. He called for a solemn oath of loyalty to be taken by all citizens, which would be commemorated every year on March 26.
Gandhi believed that freedom alone would not safeguard religious minorities, because many people did not want them to remain free. Therefore, he suggested that they should join hands with the nation by serving in its government bodies. This would give them security and also help them find their own place in the society.
Subsequently, several countries have adopted pledges or declarations of faith.
Venkata Subba Rao, Pydimarri, and Ponnalu Narayana Swamy are some of the names that have been attributed to the writing of the pledge.
It was originally written in English, but over time it has been translated into many other languages including Hindi, Malayalam, and Tamil.
The original version of the pledge was published in India in 1955. It was written by Subba Rao who was then working at the Department of Education of the Government of Andhra Pradesh. The pledge was later adopted by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) as its official statement on ethics and values.
Subba Rao died in 1981 but after seeing how popular his pledge had become, the CII decided not to replace it with another statement. Instead, they created a committee that would meet once a year to review how well the pledge is being followed by businesses across the country. As part to their annual review, this committee gives out awards to companies that have done well in promoting ethical business practices. So far, Intel has won two of these awards. One in 1994 and another in 1996.
Philip Liau, Advisor on Textbooks and Syllabuses, and George Thomson, Director of the Political Study Centre, developed two versions of the commitment. The drafts were given to Rajaratnam for comments on February 2, 1966. Rajaratnam was an outspoken supporter of multiculturalism and a prolific writer. He had been instrumental in drafting Malaysia's Federal Constitution in 1957 and helped to establish Indonesia as a federal state in 1960.
Liau and Thomson presented the first version of the pledge to Rajaratnam on March 2. They wanted it to be short and simple so that students would not find it too difficult to understand. Rajaratnam suggested some changes which were incorporated into the second version of the pledge presented to him three weeks later on March 23. He also gave his approval for its use in textbooks then under development by the Language Institute.
The pledge was included in all primary school textbooks used in Singapore between 1970 and 1990. However, it was dropped from secondary school texts issued between 1991 and 2001. When asked about the reason for this move, a Ministry of Education spokesperson said that it was done on cost-saving grounds. It may be recalled that in 1990, following the introduction of English as an Additional Language (ELA) into primary schools, there was a decline in the number of students taking the examination. This led to the reduction in staffing levels at the MOE and also caused financial difficulties for some ELANes.
Rao, Subba Venkata (1893–1969) was an Indian lawyer and politician who served as Minister of Home Affairs in India twice; first from March 1949 to July 1950 and then from May 1954 to February 1955. He also served as Minister of Commerce and Industry in both ministries.
Venkata Rao was born on 18 August 1893 in a wealthy Telugu family in Rajahmundry, East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh. His parents were Subba Row and Chinnamma. He had two brothers named Subba Siva Rao and Subba Satyanarayana. He obtained his law degree from Madras University in 1919 and started his career as an advocate in 1924. In 1937, he was elected to the Imperial Council of India, a body that would later become the National Advisory Council. After independence, he was elected to the first Lok Sabha in 1951 and became the minister of home affairs in 1957. He held this post until 1959 when he resigned to contest the Lok Sabha election. He lost the race but was re-elected to Parliament in 1962. He died in office on 23 April 1969 at the age of 74.