Matthew Arnold argued in the mid-nineteenth century that...
John Keats penned five of his most renowned "odes" in 1819. "Ode on a Grecian Urn," "Ode on Indolence," "Ode on Melancholy," "Ode to a Nightingale," and "Ode to Psyche" were among the odes. These poems are considered by critics to be among Keats' finest. He was only 20 years old when he wrote them.
Keats is regarded as one of the founders of modern poetry. His work influenced many poets, including John Milton and William Wordsworth.
Born in 1795 into a wealthy family who had fallen on hard times, Keats spent his childhood living with his family doctor. This experience inspired some of his most famous poems, such as "Endymion" and "La Belle Dame Sans Merci."
He attended Cambridge University for two years but left without taking a degree. During this time, he developed a close friendship with another poet named Leigh Hunt. They would go on writing poems together until Hunt was imprisoned for three months due to their involvement in a libel suit brought against Hunt by the publisher of a newspaper called The Examiner. After Hunt's release from prison, they started another paper called The Poetical Register. However, this paper too ran into financial trouble and was forced to shut down after only six issues had been published.
After leaving university, Keats traveled throughout Europe for several years.
"Ode on a Grecian Urn" was composed in 1819, the year Keats was diagnosed with TB. He told his pals that he felt like a living ghost, and it's not strange that the poem's speaker is preoccupied with the concept of immortality. Seeking to escape his sickbed, Keats took walks around London looking at ancient urns and wrote down what fascinated him about these ancient monuments. This poem is one of his finest, so you can imagine how pleased he must have been when some of its images were used by William Blake for his own paintings.
Here's the last line: "And all who come after may look upon her face." Keats hoped that other people would enjoy this piece as much as he had done, and that they would appreciate how well it expressed their feelings toward those they loved even after they died.
Have a look at our Ancient Greek Urns page for more information on Keats' urn obsession.
John Keats composed sonnets, odes, and epic poems. "Lamia," "The Eve of St. Agnes," the big odes ("On Indolence," "On a Grecian Urn," "To Psyche," "To a Nightingale," "On Melancholy," and "To Autumn"), and two incomplete versions of an epic on Hyperion were all composed in a single year, 1819. "Ode to a Nightingale" is considered one of the greatest poems in English.
Keats was born into a wealthy family in 1795. He was educated at Cambridge University and then traveled in Europe for several years. When he returned to England, he became a successful writer and artist. He died at the age of 26 in 1821, possibly due to tuberculosis.
Among other things, "Lamia," "The Eve of St. Agnes," and "To Autumn" show evidence of being influenced by classical poetry. Sonnets are shorter than epics or longer poems; they usually have 14 lines with three quatrains and a sestet.
Keats's work has been influential since its publication. Many modern poets have written sonnet cycles including T. S. Eliot, Robert Frost, George Herbert, Christina Rossetti, Elizabeth Bishop, and Wilfred Owen.
John Keats was an English Romantic lyric poet recognized for his vivid imagery and strong sensual appeal. After his early death, his fame soared, and he was much appreciated during the Victorian era. His influence may be found in the poetry of Alfred, Lord Tennyson, and the Pre-Raphaelites, to name a few.
Keats's poetry is mainly about love, loss, and beauty. He often begins poems with a reference to "a thing of beauty" or "a poem begun in fear". Love is a very important theme in his work. He also deals with other subjects such as death, despair, loneliness, and hope. However, these elements are not simply added to make the work more serious - they are essential to understanding the whole picture.
Some critics believe that Keats intended all of his poems to be read as sonnets. Although some of them do have the formality of sonnets, others are largely narrative in style. Either way, they all share common themes and techniques that distinguish them from other forms of poetry.
Sonnets are composed of 14 syllable lines with an emphasis on sound rather than sense. They are structured in three parts: 1 a statement of the subject matter (often called the "sonnet title"), 2 a description of the scene, object, or person named in the title, and 3 a conclusion containing a call-back to the title or a reflection on what has been said previously.