Miller, Sy On a July evening in 1955, 180 youngsters of many ethnicities and beliefs gathered at a workshop high in the California mountains, locked arms, formed a circle, and sang a hymn of peace. This was the first Earth Day celebration. The song they sang was "Let There Be Peace on Earth" by John Lennon and Yoko Ono.
The event that has become known as Earth Day was founded by Senator Edmund S. Muskie (D-Maine). At its core is a belief that humanity can improve the quality of life for everyone by focusing on sustainability -- achieving balance between human activity and the ability to sustain healthy ecosystems to provide food, water, air, and energy for 7 billion people by 2050. Today, this vision is embraced by governments around the world as an important goal to achieve sustainable development.
Lennon was not present when Earth Day began but he did join in later. On April 22, 1970, he gave a speech from New York City's Central Park describing his motivation for creating Peace Songs, including "Let There Be Peace on Earth." He also announced that he and Ono were setting up a charity called the War Resisters' Fund to help military deserters and others fleeing war zones have an easier time finding work and housing. The couple would go on to found Amnesty International a year later.
They created a song in 1955 about their hope of global peace and how they felt everyone of us might contribute to it. The song was initially introduced to a group of students chosen from their high schools to attend a weeklong retreat in California. These students, who were known as the Beatles, had been invited by Harry Truman to help celebrate the opening of the new United States Information Agency office in San Francisco.
During their stay in California, the Beatles met with several Hollywood celebrities who encouraged them to keep singing. They returned home at the end of the week filled with inspiration and eager to continue writing songs.
Two years later, on November 22nd, 1957, the band released "Love Me Do" into the American market. The song became a hit worldwide, helping establish the band as international stars. In 1958, the Beatles went back into the studio to record more songs. One of these tracks, "Please Please Me", reached number one in the British charts. This was followed by another top ten hit, "From Me To You".
In February of 1960, the Beatles traveled to New York City to play a series of sold-out shows at Carnegie Hall. During their stay, they met with President Eisenhower who congratulated them on their success and asked them to help spread awareness of the Vietnam War being fought between North and South Vietnam.
After her marriage to Sy Miller in 1949, Jackson realized her love for music and began writing songs with him. She authored the words to "Let There Be Peace on Earth" in 1955, while her husband composed the tune. The couple's collaboration proved so successful that they wrote more than 20 songs together before separating in 1958.
Janet was born on January 13th, 1938 in Baltimore City, Maryland. Her father, John Michael Jackson, was a doctor who worked at Johns Hopkins Hospital for many years. When she was five years old, the Jacksons moved to Detroit, where her father had been offered a job at the University of Michigan Medical Center. They later returned home to Baltimore, where Janet finished high school.
At age 18, Janet married James DeKnight, her high school sweetheart. The couple had one son together, Jason Lee, before divorcing in 1973. In 1974, Janet married again, this time to Wissen Lindner. The marriage only lasted a few months before Janet filed for divorce.
Over the next few years, Janet had several relationships with men including songwriter/producer Paul Jabara and musician Stanley Brown. In 1987, she married again, this time to NFL player and actor Jesse Ventura. The couple divorced in 1990 after just three years of marriage.