Who should be the second author?

Who should be the second author?

Person who conducted the most of the labor, such as authoring the paper and carrying out the majority, if not all, of the experiments 2nd Author: The person who assisted the most and/or mentored the first author (for example, if the first author was a graduate student). May have been involved in planning or conducting some experiments 3rd Author: A person who contributed significantly to the writing of the manuscript and/or research findings.

An author is someone who has made an important contribution to making the paper what it is today. That may be by writing parts of the paper, performing experiments, and so on. There can be only one first author and one last author. If you want to be included as an additional author, then email the editor with your request. Make sure that you mention your name at the end of the email.

It is very important that you sign off permission for your image(s) to be used in other papers or presentations. This is called "copyright release". You will find information on where to send them after you have completed your contribution.

What is a second author on a research paper?

The second author is the primary contributor, primarily to experiments and document composition. A little less than the first author, and so on for the third, fourth, and so on. Authorship consideration often include all of your contributions to that project.

For example, let's say that you have contributed to a research paper by: writing the introduction, discussing the methodology, performing some of the experiments, analyzing data, drafting part of the discussion section, and editing a draft of the manuscript. You would be listed as a co-author on the paper.

Sometimes, authors are asked to contribute equally to a research project. In this case, they would be listed alphabetically among other contributors. For example, if Brian were also to perform some of the experiments and analyze data, he would be considered another co-author. His name would follow Joseph's and then Mary's because he made an equal contribution to the work.

Finally, if there were additional authors beyond the minimum required number, they would be listed after "et al." (the Latin phrase meaning "and others"). For example, if there were additional authors who provided guidance on experimental design or data analysis, they would be listed after Joseph, Mary, and Brian because they did not make an equal contribution to the work.

How is the first author decided?

The first author should be the individual who contributed the most to the work, including manuscript writing. The order of the writers should be established by their proportional contributions to the paper. It is customary for the senior author to appear last, regardless of his or her contribution...

In some cases, it may not be possible to identify a single contributor. In this case, authors are listed in alphabetical order.

Authors' names should be printed in italics within the text itself, with the exception of first names which are printed in roman type and followed by an initial title cap. Authors' last names should also be printed in italics, unless they are proper names or titles which are printed in roman type with no initial capital.

Each author should have one personal address, such as home town or university. If there are more than one address, list each one separately after the name, using separate lines and indenting the next line.

Present addresses should be used instead of former addresses at those times when the authors are known to be living at these locations.

If an author has not been published at the time of submission, then they should be listed as "unpublished". Once their article has been published, they can be removed from this list and replaced with their published name.

Who earns their name as the first author of an article?

Total replies (30) The first author should be the person who came up with the idea for the paper and does the most of the work. As a result, he or she receives the majority of the credit. If two or more people contribute equally to the work, they should be listed in alphabetical order.

The first author is usually the senior author on research papers. However, it depends on the nature of the work. For example, for articles that are based on surveys or experiments, the first author is the researcher who conducted the survey or experiment. For articles that are based on other people's work, such as books or reports, the first author is the person who identified the relevant information within the source material and interpreted it in his or her own way.

There are several different ways to determine who is the first author of an article. One method is by looking at who gets the most exclusive rights to the paper. For example, if one author writes an article about research completed by others, he or she would be considered the first author because he or she got to think of the topic first. Another method is by looking at who does the most work. For example, if one author conducts all the research for an article, he or she would be considered the first author. Yet another method is by looking at how many authors were expected to share credit before deciding on just one person.

Should authors be first or second?

Yes, the first author, and so on, are mentioned first. Typically, the first author performed the bulk of the work (in terms of data contributions—they are also generally the person who produced the article, at least where I work), the second author did the second most, and so on. These are usually listed in order of their contribution.

There is no hard and fast rule for how many authors should there be on a paper. Some science journals require that there be at least three authors on a paper, which means that one has to have made some significant contribution. But again, there's no need for more than five or six authors, so it's up to the people involved what number they want to use.

As for the order of names, that's pretty much up to the authors themselves. If they wanted to, they could list themselves out of order. But most people like to be first, because then they get the credit they deserve. And besides, who wants to be third or sixth? It's enough trouble being fifth or fourth!

The only exception I'm aware of is if someone wants to make a point about gender equality. In that case, some scientists might list themselves last, to show that women shouldn't be treated differently just because there are few of them. But such papers are very rare.

In conclusion, authors should be first or second, but not third or sixth.

About Article Author

Jennifer Green

Jennifer Green is a professional writer and editor. She has been published in the The New York Times, The Huffington Post and many other top publications. She has won awards for her editorials from the Association of Women Editors and the Society of Professional Journalists.

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