Tilak, Bal Gangadhar Identify two newspapers founded by Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale Identified two newspapers founded by Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
Syed Sahibzada Siddiqui Identified two newspapers founded by Syed Sahibzada Siddiqui.
Shivaji Bhonsle One of the first rulers of modern-day Maharashtra to adopt Indian culture was Shivaji (1627-80). He started publishing a newspaper from his capital city of Mumbai called "Maratha Rajya Saal" which means "The Rule of the Marathas". This is also considered to be the first newspaper in India.
He began publishing it monthly and then weekly. It contained news about politics, economy, society and sports in Marathi language. The paper was also distributed for free near towns where Shivaji's soldiers would get them during their raids.
His son Sambhaji continued this tradition after him. They both used to edit the papers themselves. There were many other writers who contributed to these papers including Nabagopal, Bajirao I, and Peshwa Bajirao II.
Newspaper and magazine editors
|The Times of India||Jaideep Bose|
|Indian Express||Shekhar Gupta|
|The New Indian Express||Prabhu Chawla|
|Hindustan Times||Sanjoy Narayan|
Dr. Annie Besant established two newspapers. The first was a weekly newspaper called "The Commonweal," and the second was "New India," a daily newspaper that was a formidable advocate for Home Rule and revolutionized Indian journalism for 15 years.
Besant was born on August 13, 1847 in Pune, India. She was one of the most important women in modern history and played an influential role in the Indian independence movement. In addition to being an activist, she was also a physician who worked with lepers and orphans in India before moving to England where she studied medicine at London's St. Thomas' Hospital. It was there that she met William James Agnus, a fellow student who would become her husband. They were married in 1869 and had three children together.
In 1877, Dr. Besant traveled to America where she gave speeches about social reform and international peace building. When she returned to India, she founded the Home Rule Movement which aimed to give power directly to the people through annual elections. This caused her to be imprisoned several times. She was eventually exiled for four years. During this time, she wrote articles for newspapers around India promoting her views on political freedom. When she returned from exile, she began publishing "The Commonweal" which focused on social issues such as women's rights, poverty reduction, and world peace.
List of Indian newspapers by circulation
|S.No||Newspaper||June – December (2019)|
|3||The Times of India||2,880,144|
Gupta, Ishwar Chandra Ishwar Chandra Gupta started the Bengali daily newspaper Sambad Prabhakar (also known as Sangbad Prabhakar, Bengali: sNbaad prbhaakr). In 1831, it began as a weekly newspaper and eight years later, in 1839, it became a daily. It is the oldest surviving Indian newspaper from Bengal.
Prabhakar was an influential figure in colonial-era India and played an important role in the freedom movement. He published articles supporting the cause of Indian nationalism and fought for civil rights during British rule. After India's independence in 1947, he continued to write for the paper which had become a national daily by then.
He died on 4 November 1870 at the age of 57 after several months' illness. His death was reported all over India and his funeral was attended by thousands. The editor of Prabhakar at that time was his son Siddhartha Gupte who also went on to play an important role in the freedom movement.
They are credited with having created one of the first modern newspapers in Asia. Before this date, European newspapers were printed in London and sold across the continent from there - they didn't travel anywhere else. So by publishing a paper that could be read all over India, Prabhakar was helping to promote the idea of a single nation across such a large landmass.
James Augustus Hickey is credited with founding India's first newspaper, The Bengal Gazette, also known as the Calcutta General Advertiser, in 1780. He published it from a desk on which he worked five hours a day, six days a week.
The first issue of The New York Times was published on April 10, 1851. It was an eight-page weekly newspaper written and edited by George Jones and his wife Mary Jane Jones. It began publication just months after the death of The New York Daily Times, which had stopped printing at the end of 1850 due to financial difficulties.
The first edition of The Washington Post was published on April 24, 1877. It was a four-page daily newspaper that covered news from the District of Columbia and its surrounding area. It was founded by Edward Daniel Taylor who hired Harry Jaffa as editor. Jaffa had no experience in journalism but his connections helped him get the job. After only three months, Taylor fired Jaffa and replaced him with Charles A. Dana, who had been working for him as city editor of the New York Tribune.
Charles Dana was one of the first full-time professional journalists. Before then, reporters usually had other jobs while writing about what they knew best - politics or current events.
The Indian Express
|Front page of the India Gazette, 25 November 1780|
|Publisher||Bernard Messink and Peter Reed|
|Founded||18 November 1780|
In 1766, a Dutch adventurer named William Bolts proposed founding a newspaper in Calcutta for English-speaking readers. The East India Company deported him before his intentions could be carried out. Hicky's Bengal Gazette, India's first newspaper, was published in January 1780 by James Augustus Hicky.
Boston News-Leader The Boston News-Letter, America's first continually published newspaper, released its first edition on April 24, 1704. Its original editor was John Campbell, a Boston bookseller and postmaster who printed the newspaper on what was then known as a half-sheet.